Abnormal Psyc Chapter 2 Notes
Abnormal Psyc Chapter 2 Notes Psyc2051
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc2051 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Ronis-Tobin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Chapter 2 – Understanding and Treating Mental Disorders Multipath Model: Biological Dimension: Genetics, epigenetics, Brain anatomy, CNS, etc. Sociocultural Dimension: Psychological Dimension: Race, gender, sexual Mental Disordersity, cognition, orientation, religion, culture, emotions, coping skills, etc. etc. Social Dimension: Family, relationships, social support, love, etc. The brain is composed of neurons (axons and dendrites) with glial cells for support: Medications/drugs and alcohol affect the synapse (receptor site) and functioning of the neuron Psychotropic = controls concentration of neurotransmitters *Medications (antidepressants) DO NOT cure mental disorders – alleviates symptoms SSRI’s serotonin reuptake Tricyclic antidepressants Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’s) Bupropion Therapy can be just as effective as medication when treating some disorders Behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, psychodynamic therapy, etc. Psychodynamic Models – Focus on history Personality = Id, Ego, Superego Psychosexual Stages = Freud said that personality forms during years 1-5 Defense mechanisms = Protein from anxiety Behavioral Therapies – Here and Now – Operant Conditioning Exposure therapy = graduated exposure, flooding, systematic desensitization Social skills training – acquire skills to deal with problems Criticism: Neglects inner determinants of behavior Humanistic Models Emphasize the whole person Acknowledges free will Ellis’s A-B-C Theory of Personality Irrational Cognitive Process: A – Activating Event B - Belief C – Emotional and Behavior Consequence Rational Invention: D – Disputing Intervention E – New Effective Philosophy F – New Feelings Family Systems Model: Behavior of one family member affects entire family system (personality influenced by family) Couples therapy = helps couples understand, clarify their communication Group Therapy = initially strangers, supportive environment, observation Group itself is the therapy, not the therapist Gender Factors Higher prevalence of depression and eating disorders among women (more subject to stress due to societal roles Exposure to sexual harassment (begins during middle school, well- being and Learning) Socioeconomic Class Lower socioeconomic class is associated with: Limited sense of personal control Poorer physical health Higher rates of depression Poverty – stressors (fulfilling life’s basic needs) Immigration and Acculturative Stress Challenges of moving to a new country Loss of social support Hostile reception Education/Employment challenges Common among 1 generation immigrants and their children Diathesis-Stress Theory = predisposition to develop illness is inherited Cultural Neuroscience = how culture shapes biology and how biology shapes culture
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