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Abnormal Psyc Chapter 2 Notes

by: Kaija Perkins

Abnormal Psyc Chapter 2 Notes Psyc2051

Marketplace > The University of Cincinnati > Psychology > Psyc2051 > Abnormal Psyc Chapter 2 Notes
Kaija Perkins

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About this Document

These are the lecture notes that cover chapter 2.
Abnormal Psychology
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc2051 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Ronis-Tobin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.


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Date Created: 09/23/16
Chapter 2 – Understanding and Treating Mental Disorders Multipath Model: Biological Dimension: Genetics, epigenetics, Brain anatomy, CNS, etc. Sociocultural Dimension: Psychological Dimension: Race, gender, sexual Mental Disordersity, cognition, orientation, religion, culture, emotions, coping skills, etc. etc. Social Dimension: Family, relationships, social support, love, etc. The brain is composed of neurons (axons and dendrites) with glial cells for support:  Medications/drugs and alcohol affect the synapse (receptor site) and functioning of the neuron  Psychotropic = controls concentration of neurotransmitters *Medications (antidepressants) DO NOT cure mental disorders – alleviates symptoms  SSRI’s  serotonin reuptake  Tricyclic antidepressants  Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’s)  Bupropion  Therapy can be just as effective as medication when treating some disorders  Behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, psychodynamic therapy, etc.  Psychodynamic Models – Focus on history  Personality = Id, Ego, Superego  Psychosexual Stages = Freud said that personality forms during years 1-5  Defense mechanisms = Protein from anxiety  Behavioral Therapies – Here and Now – Operant Conditioning  Exposure therapy = graduated exposure, flooding, systematic desensitization  Social skills training – acquire skills to deal with problems  Criticism: Neglects inner determinants of behavior  Humanistic Models  Emphasize the whole person  Acknowledges free will Ellis’s A-B-C Theory of Personality Irrational Cognitive Process:  A – Activating Event  B - Belief  C – Emotional and Behavior Consequence Rational Invention:  D – Disputing Intervention  E – New Effective Philosophy  F – New Feelings Family Systems Model:  Behavior of one family member affects entire family system (personality influenced by family)  Couples therapy = helps couples understand, clarify their communication  Group Therapy = initially strangers, supportive environment, observation  Group itself is the therapy, not the therapist Gender Factors  Higher prevalence of depression and eating disorders among women (more subject to stress due to societal roles  Exposure to sexual harassment (begins during middle school, well- being and Learning) Socioeconomic Class  Lower socioeconomic class is associated with:  Limited sense of personal control  Poorer physical health  Higher rates of depression  Poverty – stressors (fulfilling life’s basic needs) Immigration and Acculturative Stress  Challenges of moving to a new country  Loss of social support  Hostile reception  Education/Employment challenges  Common among 1 generation immigrants and their children Diathesis-Stress Theory = predisposition to develop illness is inherited Cultural Neuroscience = how culture shapes biology and how biology shapes culture


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