Role Theory continued - 9/23 - test 2
Role Theory continued - 9/23 - test 2 SOCY 1000 - 003
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SOCY 1000 - 003
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hayden Notetaker on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY 1000 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Carl Backman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
RoleTheory Continues-9/23 Friday, September 23, 2016 10:53 AM • Sociological Ambivalence ○ Being pulled in incompatible directions § Wanting to go left and right at the same time § Ex: Our role expectations cause this • Psychological ambivalence ○ Being pulled in incompatible directions on the basis of personal preference • Role Conflict 1) Conflict within the status set i. Occupy 2 statuses 1) Ex: judge, must determine the fate of a company that he/she have investments in 2) Conflict within the role set i. Ex: Mom; must both discipline child and make him feel loved 3) Conflict between cultures/ subcultures i. Ex: Mom coming to pick up kid from friends group, but kid doesn't want mom to come interact with friend group ii. Reference Group 1) Group an actor uses as a standard for self-evaluation iii. Membership group 1) Group an actor is a member of 2) When membership and reference group are the same, conflicting expectations are reduced 3) May have multiple membership and reference groups, conflict will be greater with the more groups 4) Conflict within a culture i. Cultural values confliction 1) Ex: materialism vs. humanitarianism (giving stuff) 2) Ex: materialism vs. egalitarianism 5) Conflicts between aspirations and opportunity i. Merton's Structural Strain Theory of Crimogenisis 1) Culture defines a series of desireabe outcomes (goals) 2) The social system provides mechanisms for obtaining those goals (legitimate means) 3) Individual actor may find that he or she does not have 5) Conflicts between aspirations and opportunity i. Merton's Structural Strain Theory of Crimogenisis 1) Culture defines a series of desireabe outcomes (goals) 2) The social system provides mechanisms for obtaining those goals (legitimate means) 3) Individual actor may find that he or she does not have access to the "legit" means a) Ex: child that cannot afford college b) Ex: kid in certain neighborhood is not able to go to college, because no one else around him goes to college and he falls into the relative norm 4) The actor may respond to these structural institutions in 1 of 5 ways a) Conformism - accept both goal and means b) Innovations - accept goal but find other means (do so illegally) i) Ex: Jews into Harvard, change their name to sound un-jewish c) Ritualist - ignore goals but follow the means (go through the motion but not pursue very hard d) Retreatist - reject both the goals and the usual means (hippies) e) Rebellion - reject both usual goals and usual means and attempt to replace them 6) Conflict built into role itself i. Ex: surgeon performing surgery but there are multiple things that could happen to a patient during surgery that could be worse than the reason they came in for in the first place. • Social Hierarchy of Obligations ○ List of role expectations have higher priority than others § Ex: making excuses I would do X, but I must perform Y first □ Causes annoyances to others who may need X done • Personal hierarchy of obligation ○ What wethink is more important § Ex: College student things partying is more important than studying, this makes it difficult because these personal obligations do not follow the social hierarchy • Protection from sanctions ○ We often want people to do something they aren't supposed to do, we have patterns to protect them 1) Insulation from observability 1) Ex: confessing a crime to a priest (he must keep it confidential) 2) Tolerance for those with obvious role overload or conflict ○ We often want people to do something they aren't supposed to do, we have patterns to protect them 1) Insulation from observability 1) Ex: confessing a crime to a priest (he must keep it confidential) 2) Tolerance for those with obvious role overload or conflict 1) Recognize people who are overloaded, and accept that what you want them to do may not be their top priority 3) Protection from reprisal 1) Ex: union contract in factory that says they must only work however fast: If a boss tries to speed it up, the union can deny. If boss says they still must work harder, the workers will go on strike 4) Protection of group members from outside sanction 1) Ex: I can beat up my little brother, but nobody else can mess with him otherwise I will fight them
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