AMH2097 History of nationality, ethnicity, and race week 4 notes
AMH2097 History of nationality, ethnicity, and race week 4 notes Amh2097
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Webb on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Amh2097 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Mundson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Race/ethnicity in us in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
AMH 2097 Notes Exam 1 terms The Articles of Confederation: in 1777 and ratified by congress in 1781. Replaced by the u.s constitution in 1789. Establish friendship among the 13 states. This document gave limited powers to the people. Any change to the articles had to be approved by all 13 states and this was hard to change because not everyone agreed. Each 13 states were given one vote and it required 9 out of 13 to agree to pass a law through congress. Freedom sovereignty independence (all power was to the state). States had the power. This allowed them to declare war, make treaties, and conduct foreign relations. They established the control over the unites states and land areas east of 13 colonies. Everything was in states The Northwest Ordinance of 1787: first organized territory of the United States, from lands beyond the Appalachian Mountains, between British North America and the Great Lakes to the north and the Ohio River to the south. The upper Mississippi River formed the Territory's western boundary. It was the response to multiple pressures: the westward expansion of American settlers, tense diplomatic relations with Great Britain and Spain, violent confrontations with Indians, the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, and the empty treasury of the American government. This provided a method of admitting new states to the union from the territory, and listed a hill of rights guaranteed in the territory. This was a plan that was used as the country expanded to the pacific. Organized the new territory. Organized 35 and ended up being 5 of states would be admitted to the union. Slavery was abolished in these territories and eventually stopped slavery in the north this was decided by the states. Plan to oroganize the territory that british said they couldn’t and this but then they left so they divided land up. It was on same status at the other 13 states, they were equal territories. 1862: homestead act Gradual Emancipation: idea to abolish slavery throughout the states. It was determined by each individual state. In Massachusetts slavery was declared illegal because people said by the articles of confederation it shouldn’t be allowed. There were different regulations, but slavery was officially illegal depending on the age of the slave(if born into it and at a certain date they would be free). Northern state slaves began to escape. In the 1810 blacks were still enslaved in the north (new York and new jersey) Shays Rebellion: 1787 in Massachusetts closed the courts (signing for closure order) the rebellion was because they were taking farmers land because they couldn’t pay back loans. This was a protest against the courts because they gave the right to creditors( people who take taxes or debts) to seize land and property. Thomas Jefferson wasn’t worried about this. People believed that articles of confederations wasn’t enough and wanted a government to collect taxes and oversee the tax legislator and wanted a national government. James Madison and alexander Hamilton wanted to make the government for powerful so they created a strong national government Constitutional convention: in 1787 in Philadelphia. Had 1 person from each state (13 colonies) to come here in order to favor a new constitution and led to the three branches of government: legislation, executive, judicial, house of representative, and senate. New constitution 1808, the slave trade was banned like couldn’t come from Africa but can still be sold in u.s. Made a policy that northern people would return runaway slaves from the south. South Carolina wanted to end slavery. “3/5ths Compromise”: 3/5ths of slaves in a state’s population would be counted in the house of representatives in government. This gave southern states more power because they would have more representatives and gave them more elective votes. Wasn’t really a compromise Somerset case: 1772. In this case, in England, a slave holder brought a slave and she sued his slave holder and s pot was free because he reached English freedom. When u came to England u would be free and not a slave. Fugitive slave act: if a southern slave escaped from the south and went to the north then the north had to return the slave to the south. In u.s they did the fugitive slave act. James Madison said that the new government was facing a dilemma because power was supposed to be in the power of the people. He was concerned about the teriny ( take away peoples libertitors of the creditors)of majority because poor people could take the majority (debtors) they didn’t want to pay back their loans. Federalist: for the constitution, mostly people in cities and to the coast, mostly connected to newspaper. Power to the people was too dangerous. Supported by Hamilton. Great Britain and Washington were federalist Antifederalist: against the constitution. Believe the constitution gave the government too much power. Lack of bill rights and didn’t like that. Supports of Jefferson and the French. South Carolina didn’t support the bill of rights They decided to add bill of rights to the second draft of the constitution Little Turtle: was a chief of the Miami people, and one of the most famous Native American military leaders of his time. Killed 630 American troops in a war against the Indians. They were defeated in 1775. In 1790 black people were denied citizenship. Citizen= free white person The French Revolution: from 1789 to 1799. It led to the end of the monarchy. King Louis XVI was executed in 1793. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November 1799. In 1804, he became Emperor. War broke out between France and England. The Whiskey Rebellion: was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791, during the presidency of George Washington. The socalled "whiskey tax" was the first tax imposed on a domestic product by the newly formed federal government. On the Equality of the Sexes1779? In this feminist essay, Murray posed the argument of spiritual and intellectual equality between men and women. It also included a liberal analysis of traditional male superiority in the Bible and criticism of the deprivation of female education of the time. Judith Sargent Murray: most educated women in U.S because she got the same tutor as the men in her family who became lawyers. Argued that women needed to be educated and that’s why women’s status was low because society not because women were inferior naturally. Denmark vesey and Emanuel AME: forced to leave South Carolina, banned from school and churches. Walker: supported violence for blacks against slavery and wanted gradual emancipation and wanted whites to abandon their land? Whites were morally inferior. He mom was white and dad was black so he was born free American Colonization Society: founded in 1816 to assist free black people in emigrating to Africa, was the brainchild of the Reverend Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister from Basking Ridge, New Jersey. Their plan was send free black people to Africa(Liberia) Martin Delany: was an AfricanAmerican abolitionist, journalist, physician, and writer, and arguably the first advocate of black nationalism. He was one of the first three blacks admitted to Harvard Medical School. American AntiSlavery Society: (1833–1870) was an abolitionist society founded by Devin Derry and Arthur Tappan. Frederick Douglass, an escaped slave, was a key leader of this society who often spoke at its meetings.
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