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by: Nina

Sociology_101_Notes_Chapter_3.pdf SOC 101

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About this Document

These notes cover Chapter 3!
Intro to Sociology
Proffessor Dwyer
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology, sociology, Soceity
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nina on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Coastal Carolina University taught by Proffessor Dwyer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views.


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Date Created: 09/23/16
NinaMcCoy 9/17/16 SOCIOLOGY 101 NOTES CHAPTER 3  Socialization- Learning how to be you and operate in society (fit in) -Lifelong social experience which people develops human potential and to learn culture  Personality- Person’s thinking, acting and feeling  Biological sciences- The role of nature -Elements of society naturalistic roots  Social sciences- The role of nurture - Most of who and what we are as a species is learned or is social in nature - Behaviorism  Nature or Nurture? -it is both but from a sociological perspective nurture matters more  Genes- Act as a blueprint for development  Psychologists -Sigmund Freud -Carol Gilligan -Jean Piaget -Kohlberg  Sigmund Freud: Elements of Personality ID=PLEASURE PRINCIPLE “I want it; I want it now” -first stage born with -unconscious -powerful drives -aggressive, sex EGO=REALITY PRINCIPLE “I know you want it, but you can’t have it” -6 to 8 months’ old -ID to be satisfied in social acceptance SUPEREGO=CONSCIOUS “You should have listened” -3 to 5 years’ old -feel guilt -social norms identifies  Jean Piaget: Cognitive Development Sensorimotor stage- birth to 2 years’ old -world based on their senses Preoperational stage- 2 to 7 years’ old - learn language, symbols -they know what but not why (they know the existence of the object and what it is but they don’t why it’s existent) Concrete operational stage- 7 to 11 years’ old -relate multiple symbols and meanings -understands things that have more meanings Formal operational stage- 30% doesn’t get here -abstract reasoning’s -comprehend the world - “think outside the box”  Kohlberg: Moral Development THREE STAGES - Pre-conventional- Young children experience the world as pain or pleasure -Conventional- teens lose selfishness as they learn to define what’s right what’s wrong, acceptable (parents happy) -Post conventional- final stage considers abstract ethical principles (who it’s harming and why)  Carol Gilligan: Gender and moral development Two sexes use different standards of rightness: -Boys develop justice perspective -formal rules define right and wrong -Girls develop care and responsibility perspective -personal relationships and loyalties  Eric H. Erickson: Stage 1-4, 5-8 Challenges occur throughout the life course -Stage 1- Infancy: trust (feel safe) -Stage 2- Toddler: autonomy (dress themselves) (parents proud) -Stage 3- Preschool: initiative (pride doing things themselves) -Stage 4- Preadolescence: industriousness (yes I’m good at this, no I’m not good that this) -Stage 5- Adolescence: identity (who you really are) -Stage 6- Young Adulthood: Intimacy (do thing’s for themselves) -Stage 7- Middle Adulthood: Making a difference (house, marriages keep husband/wife happy) -Stage 8- Old Age: Integrity George Herbert: Social self -Social behaviorism- social experience develops individual personality Looking glass-self I & Me: the self has two parts - “I”, you are when your alone - “Me”, you are around other people Self-image is based on how we think others see us Evaluation of Mead Expect to know things by age Socialization/social 1. Family (most important one of them all!) 2. Peer group (friends) 3. The School 4. Media


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