LS 170 Week 5
LS 170 Week 5 LegalSt 170
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Alleyne on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LegalSt 170 at University of California Berkeley taught by Richard Perry in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Crime and Criminal Justice in Legal Studies at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
September 19, 2016 Ch. 14 ● Grand jury is bigger than a trial jury ○ Grand jury has an odd number ○ Trial has 6 to 12 ■ 6 has petit jury ● Trial stage is where you say if you have any new evidence ● Criminal case ○ Indictment from grand jury ○ Comes from prosecutor inflammation ○ Comes from police complaint ■ Most common ● 25% of all cases from police are actually taken to a prosecution ○ Case attrition ● Prosecutor can either be kicked out or not voted in again if he either undercharges/dismiss a case or overcharge ● Selective prosecution happens ○ Or plea bargaining ● Wayte v. US ○ Prosecutors retain “broad discretion” as to whether to prosecute ○ Presumption of regularity ○ Required to demonstrate that the prosecutor’s decision had a “discriminatory effect” and “it was motivated by a discriminatory purpose” ○ Twoprong test ● Prosecutor retaliates against a defendant who asserts his or her rights by bringing a more serious charge against the defendant ● Vindictive prosecution ○ Probable cause is the main risk ● Gerstein v. Pugh ○ You don’t have to know why you arrested ○ You must be held “promptly following an arrest” ● County of Riverside v. McLaughlin ○ You have 48 hours after arrest to be brought upon a judge ● If you are charged with something serious, you have a right to attorney ● First appearance ○ Triggered by the filing of a complaint ○ To be conducted “without unnecessary delay” ○ Four primary purposes ■ Informing the defendant of the criminal charges ■ Informing the defendant of the right to counsel and other rights ■ Setting of bail ■ Assigning counsel for indigent defendants ○ Set bail ■ Cash ■ Security bond or trust ■ Ror ● Significant ties to the community where you won’t leave ● Ex. bruce wright ● Acts as a subsidy for the middle class September 21, 2016 Ch. 14 ● Lombroso ○ Biological theories of crime ■ Focuses on class, race, gender and how relates to crime ● 8th amendment doesn’t apply to you unless you are being punished Discussion ● Probation instead of jail while parole is after you serve time Durkheim ● Crime is normal, necessary, inevitable ● Punishment functions: promote collective cons. And finds crime ● State leads to individuals Classical School ● Beccaria ○ Considered humanitarian because he believed punishment should be proportional to the crime ○ Reasons for crime: state of nature ○ Reasons for punishment: deter ○ Criminal law should be clear, fixed, public Bentham ● Utilitarian theory ○ Punishment should be intentional, is evil, and preventional (general and specific) ○ Calculation between pleasure and pain ○ Economics of punishment ○ Punishment exceeds the evil of the offence then it is horrible Sentencing ● Determinate vs. indeterminate ○ Determinate fixed sentencing ○ Indeterminate: sentencing based of circumstances and can get out early due to behavior ● Mandatory minimum Cruel and Unusual Punishment ● 8th amendment ● Ewing vs. california ○ Convicted in state court of felony grand theft ○ Got 25 years to life due to 3 strikes law ○ Supreme court agreed with holding ○ Stole 3 golf clubs so it was a felony Concurring ● Judges agree with majority opinion but has a different reasoning
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