Week 5: GASP 31: Critical Popular Music Studies
Week 5: GASP 31: Critical Popular Music Studies ARTS 031
Popular in Critical Popular Music Studies
Popular in Arts and Humanities
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joseph Lim on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTS 031 at University of California - Merced taught by Emily Gale in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Critical Popular Music Studies in Arts and Humanities at University of California - Merced.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Beatlemania Notes Beatlemania o The first mass outburst of the 1960s featuring girls who were yet to reach adulthood and influenced the emergence of a political movement for women’s liberation. o Sexual references had doubled between 1950 and 1960. o Teens were supposed to be seen as good and pure and to be the enforces of purity within their teen society. They instead abandoned control to scream and faint in mobs to protests sexual repressiveness. Beatlemania Craze o Beatlemania struck in force of a social movement. o Began in England in the London Palladium 13 October 1963. o Greeted by many girls in Heathrow Airport Police in London and Birmingham could not guarantee the band’s safe escort as many fans could have crushed them to death. Beatlemania in US o Prior to the Beatles coming to America President Kennedy was assassinated 2 months before. o At least 4000 girls greeted them in Kennedy Airport and kept them occupied in Plaza Hotel. o Security guards were needed during their 23 city tour and made it difficult for the Beatles to be safely escorted. Beatlemania grew to a type of religious idolatry. o Last musical concert was in 1966 the first time musical celebrities were driven from the stage of their own fans. PreBeatlemania o Beatlemania easily surpassed all previous outbreaks of star centered hysteria. Frank Sinatra in the 1940s. Elvis Presley in the 1950s. o Only a small proportion of fans ever got into shrieking distance of their idols. These girl would obsessively make merchandise over them. Beatlemania Epidemic o Adults saw the craze as an epidemic. o Blacks were disdainful of their derivative and unpolished sound. o There seemed to be no cure to this and the shortcut to recovery was not easy. A group in LA was formed to offer therapy called Beatlesaniacs Ltd. o People were baffled of the explanation for this type of mania during America that was prided in postMcCarthy maturity, racial segregation, and porverty. Beatlemania Explanations o The New York Times based their explanation on Theodor Adorno in which David Dempsy were conforming. Adorno had said that the jiggerbug dance was a way of expressing their desire to ovey in which they needed to subsume themselves into the mass to turn into an insect. Dempsy added that a “beatle” was to lose one’s identity and become consumed to the mass. The Beatle’s music was more frantic in a animal type way that made it compelling which caused the girl to scream, weep, and flip. o Variety speculated that the phenomenon was closely linked to a current wave od racial rioting. It was a conformity to an imperative that overruled adult mores and and even adult laws. A form of protest from the adult world. Sexual Repression o Freud speculated that part of the fan’s energy was sexual. Phycologists were wary of this and American adults did not believe young girls had any sexual feelings to repress. One unnamed Phycologist’s said that during this phase, girls go through a period of emotional and physical growth in which they need to expressive themselves and do this by screaming which is seen as a release of sexual energy. o It was rebellious for young fans to lay claim to sexual feelings and even more rebellious to claim the active, desiring side of a sexual attraction in which the Beatles were the objects and the girls were the pursuers. o Rock N Roll made mass hysteria almost inevitable as it announced and ratified teen sexuality and then amplified teen sexual frustration Hysteria was key to the marketing of the Beatles. o Young women were still frightened of the idea of having sex and therefore felt safer worshiping idols. o The Beatles constructed sex more generously and playfully in which their vision was sexuality freed from the shadow of gender inequality.