Prisoners' Dilemma GVPT200
Popular in International Political Relations
Popular in Politics and Government
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michal Antonov on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GVPT200 at University of Maryland - College Park taught by Todd Allee in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see International Political Relations in Politics and Government at University of Maryland - College Park.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Prisoners' Dilemma Monday, September 19, 201610:14 AM • Used by scholars in many disciplines • General idea is that actors have incentives to cooperate with one another, but do not do so because of temptation to "cheat" and fear of being "double-crossed" • Both neo-realists and neo-liberals use the PD to advance their worldview General model Properties • Players move simultaneously • Game is symmetric • Both players know and understand the game • "temptation" payoff is most appealing, "Reward" payoff is second best • Game is symmetric • Both players know and understand the game • "temptation" payoff is most appealing, "Reward" payoff is second best The Dilemma • You are tempted to defect if you think the other person will cooperate (and vice-versa) • Because you fear the other person will defect, you defect (and vic-e versa) • As a result, you both end up worse off that if you had cooperated Nash Equilibrium • Assuming the other person cooperates (or defects), what is your best move? • Are you better off choosing one option over the other regardless of that the other person does? International applications of Prisoner's Dilemma • Free trade • Arms control • Compliance with international treaties • Trench warfare in WWI *Neo-realists use PD to illustrate the difficulty of achieving international cooperation *Neo-liberals use PD to illustrate the potential for international cooperation in an anarchic environment Cooperation under the PD • Neo-liberals have identified two ways in which actors can cooperate: ○ Decentralized § Actors can cooperate through reciprocity and tit -for-tat behavior § Requires cooperate: ○ Decentralized § Actors can cooperate through reciprocity and tit -for-tat behavior § Requires □ Repeated interaction □ "shadow of the future" ○ Centralized § International institutions help actors cooperate by: □ Providing information □ Reducing transaction costs □ Monitoring and enforcing compliance