New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 4 - Chapter 2 (continued)

by: Nicole Dante

Week 4 - Chapter 2 (continued) PHIL 1103

Nicole Dante
GPA 3.115

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Continued ethical relativism and beginning the argument against it
Dr. Louis DeBello
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Ethics


This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Dante on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1103 at Fairleigh Dickinson University taught by Dr. Louis DeBello in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Ethics in PHILOSOPHY AND HUMANITIES at Fairleigh Dickinson University.

Similar to PHIL 1103 at FDU



Reviews for Week 4 - Chapter 2 (continued)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/23/16
th September 19 , 2016 Ethical Relativism (cont’d) • Ethical universals o Right or wrong regardless of culture o Ethical relativism would support things like ethnic cleansing § KKK recognizes the murder of African Americans as just o 3 objections (start pg. 20) weaken argument, don’t necessarily dismantle it • Moral Diversity is Exaggerated o Every culture has a form of justifiable murder (pg. 24) o Book makes point of justifiable homicide, not murder § Homicide can’t be committed against an animal, for example § Homicide – the unlawful or unwillful killing of one person by another with malice of forethought • Weak Dependency Does Not Imply Relativism (pg. 25) o Weak Dependency – the application of moral principles depends on one’s culture o Strong Dependency – the moral principles themselves depend on one’s culture • Every culture shoes some respect from human life, or at least places some value on it o Cultures implement it differently o “Value” meant to weaker than “respect” linguistically o Hard to find a culture that doesn’t adhere to this idea § Pragmatic universal § Adhere out of necessity – if value isn’t placed on some life, culture would die off o Still doesn’t dismantle ethical relativism o Example: Eskimos weak and infirm behind when searching for new hunting/fishing land • Other examples: Honor killings/female mutilation o Cultures see as just o Not forced by environment like the Eskimos – weak dependency nd September 22 , 2016 Ethical Relativism (cont’d) • Ptolemy (147AD) – Earth was the center of the solar system, other planets and Sun revolved around it • Copernicus – heliocentric theory o Planets revolve around the sun o Just because everyone agreed on Ptolemy’s theory, didn’t make it right o Universal consent doesn’t imply correctness • Arguments to Undermine Ethical Relativism o Cultural Difference Argument 1. Different cultures have different moral principles. 2. Therefore, this is no objective “truth” in immorality. Right and wrong are only matters of opinion, and opinion, and vary from culture to culture. 1. Eskimos believe that there is nothing morally wrong with (1) infanticide, or say (2) leaving infirm behind when seeking new hunting and fishing ground, as a result of a severe food shortage, or with honor (3) honor killings in certain middle eastern countries, or with (4) female mutilation on certain parts of Africa. a. Therefore, such practices as 1, 2, 3, and 4 are neither objectively right nor objectively wrong. Rather it is merely a matter of opinion, which varies from culture to culture. These values/practices couldn’t be carried over to western culture • Validity – in a valid deductive argument, it’s impossible for the premises (or a single premise) to be true in a conclusion clause All men are mortal Michael is a man Michael is a mortal • No contradiction It is morally wrong to kill an innocent person Ted is an innocent person Therefore, it is morally wrong to kill Ted • Eskimo example o Conclusion is not automatically true as it is in these examples § Gap before the conclusion that justifies the killing § Not a tight logical argument


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.