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Chapter 1 Notes

by: Jordan Marshall

Chapter 1 Notes Govt 101

Jordan Marshall
Christopher Newport University
GPA 4.0

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Lecture notes from Chapter 1
Power and Politics in America
Dr. Carlson
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Marshall on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Govt 101 at Christopher Newport University taught by Dr. Carlson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Power and Politics in America in History at Christopher Newport University.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
Chapter 1: Politics­Who Gets What, and How I) Politics  “Who gets what, when, and how” –Harold Laswell II) Government  System or organization for exercising authority over a body of people  Authoritarian style o Totalitarian­absolute power over every aspect of citizens’ lives o Monarchy­royalty o Fascism­strong leader, absolute power, government controls labor  force o Theocracy­religious leaders have power o Oligarchy­sovereignty invested in a select few  Non­authoritarian style o Pure democracy­citizens vote directly on every issue o Representative democracy­elected officials represent citizens o Parliamentary democracy­party with the greatest representation in  legislative body forms the government III) Economics  Production and distribution of society’s wealth and services  Goes hand­in­hand with politics and government IV) The Social Contract  Belief that the state only exists to serve the will of the people, and they are the source of all political power held by the state  “an agreement among individuals by which society becomes organized and  invested with the right to secure mutual protection and welfare”  Trade­off (citizens agree to give up some rights and liberties in exchange for  protection)  Prior to the social contract philosophers, the philosophy of government was  that kings were granted divine right (social contract thinkers challenged this  belief)  Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712­1778) o Social contract intended to safeguard liberty, which is constantly  threatened. o “the greatest good is not authority, but liberty”  John Locke (1632­1704) o Natural law (life, liberty, and property) o Government is only legitimate with people’s consent because we give  up some freedoms  Thomas Hobbes (1588­1679) o Most negative o Believed that in a pure state of nature, life is “solitary, poor, nasty,  brutish, and short”  James Madison o Believed citizens are unaware and not very knowledgeable


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