APK 4401, Week 4 Notes
APK 4401, Week 4 Notes APK 4401
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tara on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APK 4401 at Florida State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Into to Exercise Psych in Exercise Science-Physical Education at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
▯ Chapter 4 Notes ▯ ▯ Stimulus Response Theory (SRT) B.F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov Ideas o Ex. Pavlov dogs A behavior can be learned through repeated pairings with cues and rewards Applications of SRT o Many trainers, therapist, etc. use reinforcement to increase behavior Punishment decrease behavior and does not increase exercise Reinforcements o Positive Reinforcements- Anything positive makes desired behavior increase (ex. Reward for exercising) o Negative Reinforcements- Taking away something bad to make something good happen (ex. Taking away dinging noise in car by buckling seatbelt) o Punishments- Adding a negative thing to stop a behavior o Extinction- Removing reinforcement Limitations of SRT o Does not consider the role of cognition ▯ ▯ Trans-theoretical Model (TTM) Stages of Change: o Pre-contemplation No intention to start exercising Cons greater than pros o Contemplation Intentions to start with in 6 months Cons greater than pros o Preparation Intentions to start soon Pros greater than cons o Action Actually doing it! Most unstable stage Pros greater than cons o Maintenance 6 months in, habits are made Pros greater than cons ▯ ▯ Experimental Processes (Thoughts and feelings) Conciseness raising Self evaluation Dramatic relief Social Liberation ▯ ▯ Behavioral processes (Environment) Self liberation Counter conditioning Stimulus control Reinforcement management Helping relationships ▯ ▯ Social Ecological Models Looks at the world around us Individuals are responsible for engaging in healthful behaviors, but other influences on health behavior also exist o Physical environment What we can do to make change is change the physical environment o Community System o Micro-system: smallest (family, people we see everyday) o Ecosystem: Extended family o Macro-system: largest Limitations If we change the physical environment (ex. Add more gyms) will people actually use them
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