Intro to Psychology Week 6 Notes
Intro to Psychology Week 6 Notes PSYC 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chapman Lindgren on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Achee in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Psychology Notes Week 6 Compliance 1. Compliance techniques 2. Obedience to authority a. Legitimate power vs. expertise i. Expertise: informational influence. Expertise is relative ii. Legitimate power: normative social influence means that in your mind, this person can punish you in ways that others can’t 1. Ex: boss says late, you say no. He fires you 2. Ex: police have legit power. Police fining you for parking in the wrong place 3. Ex of expertise: a firefighter tells you to go right out of a burning building and your colleagues say go left. You go right because firefighter has more knowledge and experience in this iii. A lot of the time these authority figures have both iv. Perceived obedience: you think someone has power so you comply even though they really don’t have power b. Milgram’s Research on Obedience i. The people didn’t know they were going to a study on obedience. They thought they were going for learning + about being wrong and getting punished 1. 1 person is a teacher and 1 person is a learner. When learner gets something wrong, the teacher punishes the learner by electrically shocking them 2. This is a good example of low balling because after saying that he asks if they agree to do it. Once they agree, he gives them a much more severe and hard task. a. With each wrong answer, the severity of the severity of the shock increases ii. Milgram’s Research is an example of a controlled experiment 1. 65% of the people go all the way to the end of the experiment 2. this experiment shows just how strong social influence is 3. Authority figure: experimenter 4. Experimental group: experimenter not in room 5. When experimenter was in room, 65% of people went to the end, when experimenter wasn’t in room, people stopped when learner said stop 6. Experimenter has what type of authority? a. Expertise 7. 1 time the learner says “let me out” is at 150V Psychology Notes Week 6 8. Because the experimenter is sure of himself and has an assertive tone, he is able to assure that the RP (teacher) will continue 9. The RP asks who is responsible for this at some point, the experimenter always says yes, which makes the person continue a. Control group: when experimenter doesn’t take responsibility b. Experiment group: when experimenter does take responsibility 10. Stress level goes up as experimenter continues 11. At 345 Volts, teacher doesn’t hear learner any longer but has to continue a. Also, measure how long the teacher holds buzzer down b. Experimenter deceives teacher by saying, “yes, I will continue to 450 V” when it’s really the teacher doing it 12. Experimenter wearing lab coat in lab vs. business suit in an office a. Obedience of RP decreases because the experimenter doesn’t seem like as much of an expert when he’s not in his lab coat 13. When there are 2 confederates and 1 RP: a. 1 confederate is the learner and the other is the leader with the RP. Obedience decreases when the confederate teacher goes along with experimenter 14. When there are 2 experimenters instead of 1: a. Obedience increases to 100% when experimenters agree even though the experimenter has no legitimate power b. Normative social influence in this experiment: i. Social embarrassment if the RP commits then backs out ii. It’s more embarrassing to disagree with the expert because they are more than likely right.
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