Music: Chapter 10 - Part 3
Music: Chapter 10 - Part 3 Music 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by firstname.lastname@example.org Notetaker on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 100 at Boise State University taught by Brian Hodges in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Music: Chapter 10 (part 3) – Baroque Instrumental Music Instrumental Dance Music o Minuet like a waltz, beats of 3 o Sarabande fast, very risqué in the beginning o Gigue lively jig o AB form: binary form, A part followed by B part, repetitive o Suite: collection o Handle Minute Disc 2: Track 6 Royal procession Johan Sebastian Bach o 1685-1750 o Born into a family of musicians o Family was associated with the Lutheran Church o Orphaned at a young age o Career 1. Church wrote and played music for the organ 2. Court instrumental music 3. Church big choral masterpieces o Pipe Organ Uses keyboards (manuals), stops, foot pedals, and different sized pipes to make sound Used most in Lutheran church services Organ played a prelude to start the service o Completely improvised in the beginning Accompanied the hymns during the rest of the service o Whole congregation would sing with the choir o Words written in German (common people’s language) o Fugue Imitative polyphony – multiple independent lines of music imitating each other Like a round (row, row, row your boat) Prelude and Fugue in C Major Disc 1: Tracks 26 and 27 Can be overwhelming and complicated o 2. Court Period Bach Instrumental Music Wrote music for a company of musicians employed in a court Took polyphonic writing and put it in single-lined instrumental music o One instrument gives the illusion that multiple instruments are playing o Very complicated Influenced by Vivaldi (Italian Style) o 3. Church Period Left the court was drawn back to the church (Thomas Kirche Church) Job was to compose new music for the service each week Copy music for all performers Rehearse music with performers The Church Cantata “The church song” Designed to be performed in the church service Attached to a significant date, holiday, or scripture o Not narrative, just scripture Small choir, a few soloists, and a small orchestra Short Cantata No. 4, Christ Lag in Todesbanden o Disc 2: Tracks 11-13 o Chorale: 4-part hymn o Recitatives, arias, duets, chorales o Similar to an opera o Married ndna Magdalena 2 wife Well trained musician Helped with o Music was not very popular during his lifetime Baroque Opera Seria o “Serious opera” o Originated in Italy o Liberetto: classical or mythological subjects o Music and performers are more important than the plot o Alternation of recitative and solo arias o DaCapo Aria 3 parts A B A form Second A section was an opportunity to show off Coloratura: very high, very fast Opera Culture in the 18 Century o Behavior of Audience Social gathering – mingling, eating, talking More casual o Singers Became Celebrities o Castrato Females were not allowed to perform Men were castrated to be able to sing high soprano Very famous Composers wrote music for them Women in Baroque Opera o Certain places in Europe allowed women to perform o Francesca Cuzzoni o Faustina Bordoni George Frederic Handel o Traveled all over to incorporate new styles and get noticed o Born in Germany, wrote in the Italian style, for an English audience o The most successful writer at the time o His music has been played ever since he lived o Organist o Wrote many operas La Giustizia Disc 2: Track 8 o The Oratorio A concert opera Usually has a scriptural subject matter (not performed in church) Arias, recitatives, and choruses Not staged – no costumes or sets Handel’s Messiah Disc 2: Track 9 and 10
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