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Music: Chapter 10 - Part 3

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Music: Chapter 10 - Part 3 Music 100

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About this Document

These are notes taken in the fifth week of class. Topics include the musical careers of Bach and Handel
Introduction to Music
Brian Hodges
Class Notes
Music, history
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 100 at Boise State University taught by Brian Hodges in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views.


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Date Created: 09/23/16
Music: Chapter 10 (part 3) – Baroque Instrumental Music  Instrumental Dance Music o Minuet  like a waltz, beats of 3 o Sarabande  fast, very risqué in the beginning o Gigue  lively jig o AB form: binary form, A part followed by B part, repetitive o Suite: collection o Handle Minute  Disc 2: Track 6  Royal procession  Johan Sebastian Bach o 1685-1750 o Born into a family of musicians o Family was associated with the Lutheran Church o Orphaned at a young age o Career  1. Church  wrote and played music for the organ  2. Court  instrumental music  3. Church  big choral masterpieces o Pipe Organ  Uses keyboards (manuals), stops, foot pedals, and different sized pipes to make sound  Used most in Lutheran church services  Organ played a prelude to start the service o Completely improvised in the beginning  Accompanied the hymns during the rest of the service o Whole congregation would sing with the choir o Words written in German (common people’s language) o Fugue  Imitative polyphony – multiple independent lines of music imitating each other  Like a round (row, row, row your boat)  Prelude and Fugue in C Major Disc 1: Tracks 26 and 27  Can be overwhelming and complicated o 2. Court Period  Bach Instrumental Music  Wrote music for a company of musicians employed in a court  Took polyphonic writing and put it in single-lined instrumental music o One instrument gives the illusion that multiple instruments are playing o Very complicated  Influenced by Vivaldi (Italian Style) o 3. Church Period  Left the court was drawn back to the church (Thomas Kirche Church)  Job was to compose new music for the service each week  Copy music for all performers  Rehearse music with performers  The Church Cantata  “The church song”  Designed to be performed in the church service  Attached to a significant date, holiday, or scripture o Not narrative, just scripture  Small choir, a few soloists, and a small orchestra  Short  Cantata No. 4, Christ Lag in Todesbanden o Disc 2: Tracks 11-13 o Chorale: 4-part hymn o Recitatives, arias, duets, chorales o Similar to an opera o Married ndna Magdalena  2 wife  Well trained musician  Helped with o Music was not very popular during his lifetime  Baroque Opera Seria o “Serious opera” o Originated in Italy o Liberetto: classical or mythological subjects o Music and performers are more important than the plot o Alternation of recitative and solo arias o DaCapo Aria  3 parts  A B A form  Second A section was an opportunity to show off  Coloratura: very high, very fast  Opera Culture in the 18 Century o Behavior of Audience  Social gathering – mingling, eating, talking  More casual o Singers Became Celebrities o Castrato  Females were not allowed to perform  Men were castrated to be able to sing high soprano  Very famous  Composers wrote music for them  Women in Baroque Opera o Certain places in Europe allowed women to perform o Francesca Cuzzoni o Faustina Bordoni  George Frederic Handel o Traveled all over to incorporate new styles and get noticed o Born in Germany, wrote in the Italian style, for an English audience o The most successful writer at the time o His music has been played ever since he lived o Organist o Wrote many operas  La Giustizia Disc 2: Track 8 o The Oratorio  A concert opera  Usually has a scriptural subject matter (not performed in church)  Arias, recitatives, and choruses  Not staged – no costumes or sets  Handel’s Messiah Disc 2: Track 9 and 10


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