PSYC 2740 Week 2
PSYC 2740 Week 2 2740
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Kay on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2740 at University of Denver taught by Garrido, Edward in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Denver.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Non experimental Studies • Correlational approach: researcher does not control variables or random assignment ◦ weakness of approach: does not prove causation • Correlation: relationship between two variables ◦ Positive, negative, or no correlation ◦ computed by correlation coefficient • Survey research ◦ Random sample: each person has an equal chance of being selected ◦ Population: Total number of people ◦ Reliability: Gives consistent results ◦ Validity: measures what it purports to measure How much of Social Psychology is true? • Selfcorrection nature of science ◦ Rel=plication: repeating studies corrects false theories over time • some issues: ◦ Reliance on student samples ◦ cultural relativity: western cultures dominate research Cultural differences may be substantial and important Nature and social Behavior • Gender Identity ◦ Consider the case of Brenda: bro a boy, but raised as a girl after a botched circumcision Never fit in; wanted to play rough games like the boys; became rebellious. ◦ Additional cases revealed that others born as boys, but raised as girls, did not turn out to be typical adult women Some parts of who you are come from biology. • Nature defined: physical world around us, including its laws and processes ◦ Can help explain human behavior Genes, hormones, brain structure, and other innate processes... • Charles Darwin: theory of evolution ◦ Focuses on how change occurs in nature • Natural selection decides which traits will endure, and which will disappear ◦ Survival: living lng enough to reproduce ◦ Mutation: new gene or combination of genes ◦ Reproduction: producing babies that also reproduce. • Social Animals: Humans are social animals ◦ Seek connections to others • Being social offers evolutionary benefits ◦ Find more food ◦ Mate and reproduce easier ◦ Alert each other to danger ◦ Take care of sick and injured. • Cultural animal theory ◦ Evolution shaped the human psyche to enable humans to create and take part in culture • Culture is the essence of what makes us human • Important features of culture ◦ Shared ideas: brain puts special priority on information directly experienced as shared ◦ Culture as a social system: network linking many different people ◦ Culture as praxis: depends on shared ideas ◦ Culture, information, and meaning encoding and sharing meaningful information. • nature and culture interact to influence us ◦ Professional hockey players are more likely to be born in January because as kids, they are in leagues with younger, smaller kids Younger kids drop out more often Older, larger, more coordinated kids get more attention from coaches. • Nature and culture shaping each other ◦ Nature shapes culture, an culture shapes nature • What makes cultural animals? ◦ Being a cultural animal is different than being a social animal Division of Labor Shared knowledge and communication Ability to solve disagreements. • Cultural norms vary ◦ Sleeping habits: american generally do not sleep with their children in the same roon In Japan, it is customary for children to sleep with their mother ◦ People do share some of the same experiences Most people love their children, try to get enough to eat, and make distinctions between right and wrong. The Duplex Mind • Two Systems ◦ Automatic System (fast 2*3=6) Outside of consciousness Simple operatins Always on, even in sleep can do many things at once Automatic system makes conscious thought possible Serves the deliberate system ◦ Deliberate system (Slow) Mostly operates in consciousness Turns off during sleep One thing per time Deliberate system can suppress automatic urges Vital to life in culture Putting People First • people look to each other first ◦ Solomon Asch: linejudging task Participants were asked to look at which line fit best Confederates in group gave wrong answer; many participants also gave the wrong answer Participants felt it was more important to be accepted by the group than to be correct
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