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Thea 210 - Week of 9/19

by: Grace Notetaker

Thea 210 - Week of 9/19 Thea 210

Marketplace > James Madison University > Theater > Thea 210 > Thea 210 Week of 9 19
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About this Document

These notes cover Iranian Ta'ziyeh plays and Greek comedy.
Introduction to Theater
John Burgess and Meredith Conti
Class Notes
ta'ziyeh, comedy, puns, malapropisms
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Notetaker on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Thea 210 at James Madison University taught by John Burgess and Meredith Conti in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Theater in Theater at James Madison University.


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Date Created: 09/24/16
THEA210 – Week of 9/19/2016  Iranian Ta’ziyeh o Staging practices  Theater-in-the-round/arena staging: actors are surrounded by audience on all sides  This causes directors to direct plays differently because audience should always see at least one actor’s face or profile at all times  Less/lower sets, use actors more than props, etc.  Parts of the stage  Platform  Sand ring (allows for the passage of time)  Corridors  *can be indoor or outdoor o Scenic, Costuming, and Casting  Symbolism over realism  Minimalistic props  Use of colors in costumes to ID character (good guys – green; bad guys – red; innocent – white)  Male-only (females usually wear all black with face covered – similar to culture, also cannot tell real gender) o Performance  Acting and singing  Voices show character types (i.e. hero sings)  Crib sheets: actors hold scripts o Shows that the play is more of a ritual, people are not the characters  Music (drums, trumpets)  Spectacle (sword fights, horses coming down corridors)  Director o Visible during performance o “conjurer of tears” (goal emotion = sad) o Community Engagement  Performance-as-ritual  Audience behavior  Sad  Very communal (pass around tea during performance)  CATHARSIS (like in tragedy)  Comedy o Origins of Greek Comedy  Springtime, regeneration  Komoidia = song and revel (word comedy was derived from)  Came to City Dionysia in 487/486 BC (100 years after tragedy) o Basics  Usually starts with some significant loss  Person of high status, or high importance, is lost  “Topsy Turvy World”: Order becomes inverted  social systems and norms disobeyed  social correctness has no control o safe space of comedy, no consequences  Events become more and more outlandish, situations escalate quickly  Events usually caused by the lost person’s “replacement” – Trickster Figure o Elevated status, bad idea o Regular in New comedy o Often a servant, clown, or thespian o Force of nature and renewal o Ridicules those in power and challenges traditional views 2 o Ubiquitous = found in every culture  BUT REMEMBER – all’s well that ends well  *perfect greek comedy = THE HANGOVER o Notable Costume Conventions  Padded belly  Phallus (penises)  Tights  Masks o Comedy V. Tragedy  NOT polar opposites, and neither Is superior  Tragedy  Focus on big picture  Teach us through catharsis of feelings of pity and fear  Comedy  Focuses on the here and now  Teaches us through laughter o Tools of Comedy  Surprise/incongruity/contrast = contrast with the expected  Exaggeration = exaggerate characters, actions, languages, voices, accents, emotions, and situations  i.e. parody = exaggerated imitation of well known things  obsession = “exaggeration of the psychological realm” (World of Theater, pg. 97)  slapstick = the fool’s slapstick  transgression = when someone says something that violates social or moral values  language  puns = play on words  accents  malapropisms = purposely using a word incorrectly 3


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