SOC 1001, Week 2
SOC 1001, Week 2 SOC1001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jaimee Kidd on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC1001 at George Washington University taught by Richard Zamoff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/24/16
Week 2- SOC 1001 Jury Selection • Preemptory challenge allowed by the attorney o Allows for a jurist to be taken off of the case without explanation for things such as § Demographics Class Action Law Suit • Group of people who have been wronged in the same way Resource Allocation Decisions • Inequities between borders in an area o Social science research often becomes evidence for these cases Brown v Board of Ed. (overturned Plessy v Ferguson) • Separate but equal is unconstitutional • Important to remember “with all deliberate speed” Kenneth & Mamie Clark • The Doll Experiments o Result was that even at a young age minority children were beginning to show the consequences of segregated education on self-worth and self-image Criteria Used to Evaluate Explanations of Behavior: 1. Logical- Do the principles on which this study is based make sense? 2. Operationally Feasible- Is it testable? 3. Optimal Scope- How much of the behavior we are interested in can be explained by the explanation we are offering? (Question of degree, not yes/no) Data Collection Methodologies Used by Social Scientists: 1. Use of Existing Sources/Records 2. Survey 3. Observation • In social sciences much like physical sciences, replication of findings is key • Data Collection (as seen above) o There is no such thing as one best data collection o Survey § Issue of anonymity & confidentiality • Things like revealing political views, etc. § Another problem is questions that leading answers in a certain way • This introduces bias, skews answer in a certain way • Ex. “Have you stopped beating your wife” Questions o à If you say yes, you used to o à If you say no, you still do § But what if you never did? § Another worry: response rate (normally around 25-30%) • Representativeness of the respondents; do those who responded represent the population you sent the survey § Letter of support with survey • à someone endorsing the survey o Observation § Focused, systematic, you know exactly what you are looking for § Not by random § Pros of observation: observing behavior as it is taking place • Drawbacks: when people know you are observing thing the results may be skewed o Existing Research § Census!