Soc 301, Week 5 Notes
Soc 301, Week 5 Notes G St 303
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G St 303
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Collin Wilbanks on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to G St 303 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Elise S Lake in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 186 views. For similar materials see Sociology of the Family in Sociology at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/24/16
19 September 2016 Fundamental Elements of Family Household Structure (cont) Tracing descent: who are you considered to be related to? kinship is socially deﬁned, therefore, kinship rules and deﬁnitions vary by society such as how an aunt by marriage and an aunt by blood are somewhat diﬀerent as one is genetically related to you and one isn’t, but you may feel closer to the one who is not actually related and you’d call her your aunt. kinship is not always blood relation lineage: lines of relatedness (socially important relatedness, not simply blood relatedness) some types: patrilineal: father’s kin are the important line matrilineal: mother’s kin are the important line bilineal: one consider’s themselves equally related to both sides naming systems do not equal lineage systems patronymic: take the father’s last name double descent: in a given society, you may have multiple lineage systems operating depending on what you’re talking about why is lineage tracing important? inheritance — properties and titles alliances — often tied to relatedness. Some societies have clans. Rules of residence: where newly married couple lives neolocal — set up a new household matrilocal — move in with the bride’s family - often associated with matrilineage patrilocal — move in with the groom’s family - often associated with patrilineage matripatrilocal — spend some time in both the bride’s and the groom’s family avunculocal — move in with an uncle why does it matter? residence aﬀects the balance of power in the couple and who gets the labor of a new member 21 September 2016 Sexuality & the Incest Taboo Sex has a dual nature in family it can bond people together when it occurs in socially legitimated circumstances (such as marriage) it can also weaken family relationships when it occurs in ways deﬁned as socially illegitimate key is: social legitimation of sex Incest taboo: the forbidding of sexual relations between members of the same family common features taboos usually apply to all cross-sex nuclear family relationships taboos usually extend to certain relatives outside the nuclear family incest taboos arouse a strong emotional reaction when violated despite taboos, incest occurs not uncommon around the world, but very controversial in the U.S. it used to be understood that incest rules were essentially universal forbidden “universals”: mother-son, father-daughter, brother-sister known exceptions to incest rules were almost always with royals or elites why do taboos exist? 1. instinct theory: people have an inherent dread of sex with close family members but, there are people who do it. Can’t be true. 2. habit theory: people who live together for a long time develop an aversion to sex with one another because they are habituated to one another not true. People still have sex after years and years of marriage 3. sociological approach: these incest rules help to maintain the organization of family roles and family statuses role of brother, sister, mother, father, daughter, etc. reduces jealousy in the family help to maintain clear lines of descent they also force people to marry outside of the family which leads to alliances with other families which leads to greater social stability and unity family of orientation: the family you were raised by (born into, raised by, etc) — sex is typically not acceptable with anyone in this family family of procreation: family you form in which you can procreate and have children — can have sex with socially acceptable partner