ANSC 2000 set 8
ANSC 2000 set 8 ANSC 2000 - 001
Popular in Companion Animal Management
Popular in Animal Science
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Elliott on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 2000 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Carolyn E Huntington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Companion Animal Management in Animal Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/24/16
ANSC 2000 notes 8 Human/ Animal Interactions Key Terms: 1. Humananimal bond unique relationship between the pet & its owner which is loosely defined as companionship, fun, security & protection, service, etc. 2. Zoonosis communicable diseases shared between species Memorize: Elderly with companion animals study revealed: - # of pets that greet owners when coming home: 91% - # of pets that seemed to understand when spoken to: 84% - # of pets that communicated to owners: 78% - # of pets that were sensitive to the moods of their owners: 63% How many Americans take their dog along on vacation: More than half National Pet Owner Survey Results: - # of all US households that own one or more pets: 62% - # of all owners that consider their pets as children or family members:50% - # of all pet owners that talk to their pets: Virtually all - # of owners that purchase gifts for their pets & celebrate their birthd60% - # of owners that buy them treats on a regular basis: 65% - # of US owners that display their pet’s picture at home: 41% - # of American’s cats & dogs that sleep on the owner’s beds: 66% Questionnaire to collect selfreported physical activity & walking over a week: - # of dog owners that walk their dog: 4080% Important Information: The humancompanion animal bond began to be discussed & written about extensively in the 20 century Prior to 1980, literature was case studies & anecdotal Sentimental responses brought forth to unite people - Newspapers, children’s books, magazines Humancompanion animal bond is similar throughout most of the world - Most cultures have positive attitude towards pets - Even those without pets share the same positive feelings about them Person’s health & wellbeing may be improved For single people & childless couples, pets can act as a surrogate child The humananimal bond is complex & a motivating factor for having pets in home The success of anyone involved in veterinary practice should understand the human animal bond to be successful Human health is a difficult concept to define because it is more than the presence or absence of disease, but rather “quality of life” Positives tied to human health: - Psychological & physiological changes - Improved social development - Better physical health - Use of assistance animals Negatives tied to human health: - Communicable disease & injury - Aesthetic offenses & nuisance How pets help people: - Pets can teach: 1. Responsibility 2. Loyalty 3. Empathy 4. Sharing 5. Unconditional love 6. Caregiving - Pets can serve as therapists through animalassisted therapy programs - Pets serve as helpers o Serve as hands, ears, eyes of humans o Assistance dogs provide independence - Pets as healers: o Good for emotional & physical health o Provides sense of purpose & fulfillment o Lessen feelings of loneliness & isolation for all age groups - Can benefit elderly o Offers physical benefits by helping them remain active & healthy o Provide sense of wellbeing & encouragement o Reason for living if outlived other loved ones Physiological/Psychological Effects: 1. Lower blood pressure of people under moderate stress in presence of friendly dogs 2. Relaxing effects of watching ornamental fish - Serves as analytic 3. Moderate stress in elderly 4. Relaxant for hypertensives 5. Level of attachment to pets of psychiatric patients inversely proportional to their depression 6. Increased amount of exercise taken by new dog owners compared with non owners 7. Improvements in activity after dogvisiting programs at longstay hospitals 8. Decreases in antisocial behavior in emotionally disturbed youth 9. Pet owners amongst medicare patients were more able to cope with stressful life events than nonowners 10. Equally clear that unsuitable animals introduced carelessly will have undesirable effects Benefits from children brought up in the presence of animals: - Better nonverbal communications - Popularity & social competence - Higher levels of selfesteem - More positive feelings about animals - Lower levels of fear Educational role for animals in social development: - Children develop fantasy games - Provide safe outlet for confidences otherwise left unsaid st Things encountered for the 1 time with a pet: - Life, reproduction, birth - Healthy activeness - Illnesses & accidents - Death & bereavement Positives of pets involved in social development: - Increased physical activity - Nonjudgmental, unwavering affection for pet - Unquestioning allegiance of pet - Soft, furry nature of animals appeals to basic requirement for comforting textures o “Security blanket effect” - See & learn from an animal corrected in its behavior but is still loved Downfalls of pets involved in social development: - Unsuitable animals put children at risk - Excessively dependent relationship may prejudice those with other humans - Overdependence can lead to mental trauma if animal dies Pets contribute to the development of: 1. A child’s basic sense of trust through pet’s constancy, security, reliability, love & affection 2. A sense of autonomy & initiative through pet’s serving as an active e playmate & promoting exploration of the environment; encourages patience & selfcontrol 3. A sense of industry through the pet’s trainability & response to the child’s basic commands 4. A sense of identity through the pet’s serving as a companion & confidant Early cruelty to animals is an indicator of child abuse & criminal activity later in life - Might be possible to reduce levels of crime & other antisocial behavior in young people by encouraging nurturing traits in companion animals Carefully introducing birds, fish & dogs into prisons & similar institutions - Effective in rehabilitating the inmates: o Reduction in violence & antisocial behavior o Reductions in suicides & drug taking o Improved relationships between prisoners & staff Possible nuisance concerns that can cause deleterious effects on quality of human life: - Fecal pollution aesthetic offense, not real risk to humans - Noise pollution can often be no escape o Music, slamming car doors/alarms, doityourself activities in same category of continuous barking Injuries resulting from encounters from animals - Caused by tripping over the cat to savaged by an aggressive dog Few dogs will attack people unless provoked - Recognizing what provokes dogs is the key o Territorial defense, fear or sexual aggression Usually some signal is given before actual violence - Most experienced by adolescent boys - Teeth are only means of defense Injuries are common when dog sees itself as pack leader - All subservient to leader are at risk from bites Real problem is failure to recognize invasion of territory or that they have assumed an aggressive attitude - Fail to recognize warning signals before biting Injuries due to relative height towering over animals - Advantage in establishing rank order - If combined with a direct stare, it can add to the risks Injuries caused by human habit of baring teeth in a smile with direct eye contact in close facetoface position - Many do this when trying to get a baby to smile - Interpreted quite differently by animals - Combined with pat to the head or grabbing muzzle is even worse! It is more likely a child will catch some infection from another small child than from its dog or cat Risk of zoonosis can be reduced by following good hygiene Phobias can be maintained with the help of a psychiatrist while allergies (hair & dander) can be controlled with a nonshedding breed or a stuffed animal - Eased stress of 2to 7yr. old child exposed to Israeli war Purdue University Center for the HumanAnimal Bond Alzheimer’s patients often don’t eat enough - Too active up & down the halls - Too lethargic to stay awake to eat - Hypothesis: If patients could be calmed, they would have greater food intake o Decrease need for supplements o Reduce the cost of patents’ care - Exposed to tanks of brightly colored fish o More relaxed, alert, & ate 21% more than before Increasing support for animals in special settings - Classrooms, hospitals, nursing homes, even workplace ~2000 surveys sent to elementary teachers in IN - 25% had animals o Mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, invertebrates Pet animals in the classroom are used as a reward to motivate students to work well Care for animals in the classrooms provides an opportunity for students to serve as caregivers One of the first studies involving health & companion animal bond is the myocardial infarction study involving cardiovascular benefits The myocardial infarction study recorded survival rates of pet owners & nonpet owners following MI - Controlled exercise - Significantly higher survival rate, oneyear postMI Cardiovascular screening program in Australia - 5700 participants - Pet owners had significantly lower systolic blood pressure, triglyceride, & cholesterol levels than those with no pets General Health Factors of Pet Owners: - Decrease in minor health problems for pet owners o Compared adults before & after they acquired a pet - Examined health & morale in older adults living in the community o Pet ownership & attitudes towards pets to be significant predictor - Females had lowered stress levels when their dogs were present than compared with the presence of a human best friend or control condition Sexual Abuse Survivors: - Strong supportive role of pets in childhood o In some cases, the pet was the only reported supportive entity in the survivor’s childhood - Survivors with a strong humananimal bond in childhood support o Less abusive behavior as adults o Lower anger levels Role in Companion Animals in Therapy - Serve as a communication link Positives of companion animals in therapy: - Sense of security during session - Quickens therapy process Companion animals in therapy works well for: 1. Nonverbal children 2. Inhibited 3. Autistic 4. Schizophrenic 5. Withdrawn 6. OCD 7. Culturally disadvantaged In children with ADHD: 1. Decreased agitated & aggressive behavior 2. Improved cooperation with instructors 3. Engaged students in learning 4. Improved behavioral control in regular classrooms Marine Animals in rehabilitation: - Mentally challenged children interact with rehabilitating dolphins, sea turtles, & fish causing: o Progress & attainment toward goals o Improved selfconcept o Enjoyable recreational experiences - Significant improvements in cognitive responses when children interacted with dolphins o Studied verbal & nonverbal responses o Greater interactions than without dolphins Animals in patient treatment ranges from simple visitation by a pet & its owner to purposeful inclusion in treatment plan for patient Inclusion of animals in patient treatment causes a reduction of child’s blood pressure during mildly stressful task if dog was present New area of animals in patient treatment: role in chronically ill children - Serve as support, stress reduction, & coping - Source of distraction - Rhythmic motion of petting - Nonevaluative nature of the animal Role of animals in the lives of elderly: - Serve as moderators in coming to terms with losses associated with aging o Companion animals are dependent on humans - Keeping an animal involves regular commitment & responsibility o More likely to go out for walks if they have a dog o Report fewer health problems, less trips to doctor o Shorter hospital stays - Not only physical but mental health improved - Less depression after loss of spouse - Daily activities of living not lessened if own a pet o Eating & grooming, getting up in the morning - Provide physical contact, affection, & companionship Walking with or without a dog: - 13 elderly people participated (ages 6282) - Used a single, friendly King Charles Spaniel female - Fitted with ECG unit & required to take two 30minute walks outdoors in the park o Randomly assigned to walk the dog first or walk without the dog first o Rested for 20 minutes in between walks - Walking the dog provides greater health benefits (PNS) - Even greater benefits when interaction with dog at home Companion Cats & Men with AIDS: - 60 male pet owners with AIDS - Lived in San Francisco area & had help from PAWS (Pets Are Wonderful Support) - Completed formal questionnaire o Demographics, lifestyle, & pet ownership o Loneliness & general health - Hypothesis: Cats would be more effective due to declining health & simpler requirements of care - Conclusion: Cats were more compatible to lifestyle o Companionship with less effort like walks, travel, outdoors Dog walking has potential to increase physical activity in a large proportion of the community 1800 participants in Australia’s RESIDE project - 5year longitudinal study of people building homes Used questionnaire to collect selfreported physical activity & walking over a week - Dog owners had significantly more minutes walking & doing physical activity o Columbia, MO: “Walk a hound, lose a pound” program No known cause or cure to autism “Mirror neurons” are dysfunctional in autistic children Autistic children play with virtual online pets to improve real world functioning - Adopts an online version of their stuffed animal from home Autistic child must associate real stuffed animal with virtual one - Provide housing, food, care, & entertainment for their pet ANSC 2000 set 8 notecards.flashquiz
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