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W.K. Clifford The Ethics of Beliefs Review

by: D'Angel Brooks

W.K. Clifford The Ethics of Beliefs Review Phil 2010

Marketplace > Georgia State University > Phil 2010 > W K Clifford The Ethics of Beliefs Review
D'Angel Brooks

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About this Document

These notes are just a review over W.K. Clifford's The Ethics of Beliefs
Introduction to Philosophy
Dr. Edward Cox
Class Notes
Evidence, insufficient, sufficient
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by D'Angel Brooks on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 2010 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Edward Cox in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.


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Date Created: 09/24/16
W.K. Clifford The Ethics of Belief  Epistemology: Theory of Knowledge and justification  Epistemic duty: the obligation to believe in a particular way based on goal of acquiring justified true beliefs and avoiding false or unjustified beliefs. Clifford's Argument: 1. If we believe on the basis of insufficient evidence, then we increase the likelihood of direct and/or direct harms. 2. It is always wrong to increase the likelihood of direct and/or indirect harms. 3. Therefore we always have an unconditional responsibility to believe only on the basis of sufficient evidence. Harm that comes from believing when one has insufficient evidence : ex- Vaccinations of children  People listen to others Ex: views, beliefs  It's uncomfortable to live with uncertainty  Remedies based on poor reasoning, almost always leads to even greater harm in the long run  Believing on insufficient evidence is morally wrong since it has potential to harm others It is wrong to believe anything based on insufficient evidence. If you don’t have time to study, then you don’t have time to believe. Clifford Thesis:  It is absolutely morally wrong to believe when one has insufficient evidence for that belief.  Epistemic duty: One epistemic duty is never to believe based on insufficient evidence(BIE)  Epistemic duty is justified by our moral responsibility (based on harm of BIE). o Ex: belief in harms of vaccination are not based on sufficient evidence and can lead to harm to one's children or to others.


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