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Psychoanalytic Approach

by: Brittany Sholl

Psychoanalytic Approach Psych 360

Marketplace > Iowa State University > Psych 360 > Psychoanalytic Approach
Brittany Sholl
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

These notes cover the psychoanalytic approach and the Freudian theory of personality. :)
Personality Psychology
Class Notes
psychoanalytic theory, Sigmund Freud, Psychology, psych, 360, Psychosexual Stages
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Sholl on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 360 at Iowa State University taught by Nesbit in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.

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Date Created: 09/24/16
Psychoanalytic Approach Thursday, September 8, 2016 8:09 AM The Freudian Theory of Personality **The Freudian approach is divided into 3 parts of the human personality o Conscious o Preconscious o Unconscious Conscious: contains the thoughts you are currently aware of  Changes constantly as new thoughts enter your mind and leave  Can only deal with a tiny bit of information at a time Preconscious: large body of retrievable information EX: the preconscious helps you remember who your 3rd grade teacher was Unconscious: thoughts that you have no immediate access to  Most important aspect of Freud's psychoanalytic theory  Responsible for everyday behavior Psychosexual Development Stages of development Stage 1: Oral  Birth to 18 months  Conflict: o process of weaning o How well can children transition away from nursing and feed themselves?  Achieve psychosexual pleasure through the use of their mouth  Obtain necessary survival, through sucking (for food)  People who get fixated here, get an oral personality: nail biting, smoke, food, verbally aggressive  Oral passive personality; become extremely dependent  Orally Sadistic (later stage) **{Each stage there is a conflict, and people who get fixated in that stage} Stage 2: Anal  18 months to 3 years  Pleasure from being in the mouth to the anus  Conflict: o Toilet training  Develop anal retentive personality: really uptight, mean, stingy, withholding (during process was too biologically with holding)  Develop expulsive personality: doesn't focus on details, all over the place, personality everywhere and disorganized Stage 3: Phallic  3 to 7 years  Phallic: male genitalia  Energy being discharged to caregiver of the opposite sex (very focused)  Children recognize it is more than just being a boy and a girl {Girls: Also see phallic as power; when they see fathers they are attracted in same with boys and mom; they noticed that father has a power that they do not have. Also notice fathers power and feel as though this power was taken from them; fear of mothers; jealous and angry at their fathers as well; double irritated at mothers because the mothers got the power taken away from them}  Electra conflict: when unable to resolve {Boys: Oedipus conflict: unconsciously attracted to their mothers; push all feelings down to unconscious, learn that he can develop into the power that his father has to find a mate later in life that is similar to their mother; unconsciously noticing the father has a bigger phallic and can overpower him**} o Unable to resolve turns into Oedipus complex  Differs depending on gender  Age when stimulation of the genitals feels good  By far the most difficult stage of all the stages of development  Conflict: unconscious feelings of attract to caregiver of opposite sex combined with fear envy of the caregiver of the same sex o One parent situation or same-sex parents: stuck in stage because unable to resolve conflict o Women are more likely to be set up for psychological disturbances o Develop ego here: helps resolve phallic stage when developing ego Stage 4: Latency  Age 6 to 7 to early teens (puberty)  Things just kind of hangout and unconscious mind settles Stage 5: Genital  Puberty to Adulthood  Find a partner that will please us in the genital area  Don't get fixated but only way to resolve stage is by finding a partner who is able to full resolution from the phallic stage {These stages can come out when going to therapy} Assessing Personality 1. Dream Analysis  "Royal Road to unconscious"  Mind has to be asleep to be able to go into unconscious mind  Freud believed dreaming is the easiest way to learn about unconscious Manifest Content: storyline of a dream; start to finish Latent Content: Meaning of your dream; what storyline represents; hidden meaning 2. Hypnosis  Allowed insight into unconscious ideas  Awake but outside of your control  If you talk to someone while under influence of hypnosis; your unconscious is free to come out 3. Free Association  Therapist is out of view of client and the client just sits and talks  The client fills the space or "awkward silence"  No more conscious sensoring 4. Freudian Slip  Accidently say one thing and say another  Unconscious slips out 5. Accidents  Something a person didn't mean to do 6. Symbolic Behavior 7. Projective tests  Interpret ambiguous items  Answers are meaningful 4 common tests:  Sentence completion  Rorschach Test  Inkblot  Human Figure Drawing Test o Dray yourself, your family, etc o Look for subtle symbols  TAT: Thematic Apperception Test o Tell stories about pictures o Analyze manifest and latent content of the stories Strengths:  1st comprehensive psychological theory o Put psychology on the map, was a stepping stone  1st system of psychotherapy ("Talk Therapy") o Although do not exactly use same process as Freud  Importance of the unconscious  Clarified defense mechanisms o Ways with dealing with stress..  Brought psychology to popular culture Challenges:  Not popular or testable  Not scientifically validated  Ideas are not falsified  Based on limited case studies  Lengthy, expensive  Personality fixed at early age  Negative view of human nature **WILL BE ON MIDTERM


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