American Government week 6 Notes
American Government week 6 Notes POL-1113-4
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Popular in Government
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shaylyn Bradshaw on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL-1113-4 at Southwest Baptist University taught by C. Neal in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see American Government in Government at Southwest Baptist University.
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Date Created: 09/24/16
Federalism 3 most common types of government ● Unitary System ○ (national government that governs everything else) ○ Most common type of government globally ● Confederal ○ Local governments runs the national government ○ Not currently used by any government ● Federalism ○ U.s., Germany, Switz, ○ National, State, Local ○ Powers are distributed so one can not be overpowering ○ Local government powers depend on state gov. ● Strengths of Federalism: ○ No law or government becomes all powerful ○ Each state acts as an experimental farm (allows each local government to be different, because not every place is the same) ○ Subsidiarity: ■ If something can be done at the smallest level of local gov. It should be done at the lowest level of gov. ● Downsides: ○ Very easy to block national policies ○ Difficult to dominate the gov by one group ○ Local government is more easily dominated ○ Easy for national government to “steamroll” over a state ● Characteristics of Federalism ○ Distributed powers ■ National Powers ● Expressed/enumerated ○ Powers that are spelled out for us (Article 1) ● Inherent/Implied ○ Article 1 section 8 (elastic section) ○ Very vague ■ State Powers Reserved ● Any power that the national gov. Can not do, states can ● Majority of powers are Police Powers: ○ Regulates moral, health, and safety ■ Shared powers between state and nation ● Concurrent ● Regulate minimum wage ■ Prohibited powers ● Kept from export ● National gov can not make you pay tax when sending something overseas ● Can not take away freedom of speech ● State and State obligations ○ Each state has to give full credit to other states (rights given in different states) ■ Marriage ■ Felon ○ Each state has to recognize people from another state as their own ○ Can not shelter people from other states ● Local government ○ Exists mostly to depend on state gov. Dual Federalism ● 17891937 ○ Farmers of constitution intended this type but it only lasted for a while ○ Layer cake (National government does not interfere with state government ○ Strict division ● Today ○ Marble cake ○ McCullough vs. Maryland (1819) ■ Opens the door for invasion of state powers but does not happen right away because of States Rights
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