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PSC124-M200 9/12-9/15

by: Cara-Liesel Ransom

PSC124-M200 9/12-9/15 PSC 124 - M200

Marketplace > Syracuse University > PSC 124 - M200 > PSC124 M200 9 12 9 15
Cara-Liesel Ransom
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Class notes for Monday 9/12 and Wednesday 9/14 lectures w/ Prof. A. Klotz Class notes for Thursday 9/15 recitation w/ TA Angely Martinez
International Relations
Professor A. Klotz
Class Notes
International, relations, PSC124, PSC, 124, ProfessorKlotz, Klotz, Angely, martinez, class, notes, classnotes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cara-Liesel Ransom on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 124 - M200 at Syracuse University taught by Professor A. Klotz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 211 views.

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Date Created: 09/24/16
Monday 9/12/16 Realism: From Assumptions to Explanatory Theories 4 Assumptions 1. Anarchical System 2. Sovereign State 3. Military Power 4. Rational Choices 2 Concepts 1. Security Dilemma 2. System Polarity 2 Theories 1. Balance of Power 2. Hegemonic Stability The Assumptions Assumption #1: Anarchical System [post 1648 Era]  Sovereignty = territorial authority, especially religion  Anarchy = no over *remember that 1648 was a realist turning point* [post 1945 Era)  Sovereignty = territorial authority, especially laws  Anarchy = no world government *states are now expected to have the autonomy to make laws* *no international rules states are forced to follow* Assumption #2: States as Actors If we’re operating at a level of international analysis we don’t have to worry about individual power. Assumption #3: Military Power How do you aggregate military capabilities & see who is more powerful? Assumption #4: Rational Choices  To be rational you make fairly consistent choices on what you prefer. Once you know what you want, you think of the benefits & costs. *A over B over C. It involves costs of benefits* The Concepts Concept #1: Security Dilemma [Nuclear Weapons During the Cold War]  Take it back to the Soviets and the US  You think that you’ve done something rational, but in turn you’ve actually done something detrimental. Concept #2: Polarity  The Great Powers get to do more of what they want. We are trying to map out who these Great Powers are.  In 1815, if one of the Five Great Powers got too powerful, the other countries ganged up on them & essentially knock them back down into equality.  In the later 1800s, Japan and the US began to show their faces, creating instability and a new distribution of polarity. The Theories Theory #1: Balance of Power  Is the system stable or unstable at the current power distribution?  “Family Dynamics” as polarity  If you are a second-tier country how are you managing – they aren’t going to sit back b/c they have their own ambitions too.  World War is a key factor. Theory #2: Hegemonic Stability  “hegemonic” means predominant power  Pax Britannica controlled the sea. A period of relative peace where Britain wrote and controlled the laws. (i.e. the slave trade)  A great power will recreate the rules to favor what the power wants -Inherent Limitations-  Theories do have limits  Emphasis on military capabilities. Realism isn’t good at taking economics into considerations.  With the emergence of the EU, it doesn’t fit the mold when the countries come together. ~REVIEW~  Anarchy – definition (absence of world govt.)  Sovereignty – autonomy in the territory, what issues are important, historical origins & evolution.  Polarity – configurations and examples, why one polarity is more stable than another  Rationality – preferences and interests. Wednesday 9/14/16 Realism of War (and Peace) Why should Russia be considered powerful in the Syrian conflict?  Russia has military capabilities. System: Does anarchy inevitably result in war?  At the most general level, realists think that it’s an inevitable phenomenon. State: Why does nationalism sometimes spur aggression? Sub-State: Do leaders always overestimate the likelihood of success? *when we use realism, we shift through levels of analysis* Revolutionary States: Power Transition Theory This comes out of hegemonic theory. The basic argument is whether or not a rising power aspires to be the new hegemon? Will the rising power cooperate w/ the current hegemon. Are powers rising to power interested in changing the rules of the game. A revolutionary state is one that wants to change the rules. ** Is China a revisionist or revolutionary power? ~It is a revisionist power. Make sure you know the distinctions between a status-quo state, a revisionist state And a revolutionary state. War of 1812: Empire & Aggregation of Power For realists, an alliance if an agreement for convenience. World War 1: pros and cons of alliances Maybe multi-polarity doesn’t work, but some argue that at the peak of the beginning of WWI the multi-polarity turned into bipolarity. World War 2: Combining Levels of Analysis Underlying Causes Proximate Causes ~ 1919: Peace of Versailles ~ Demise of Democracy  Reparations Fascism & Hitler ~ 1930s: Great Depression ~ British Miscalculation  Tariff Wars Appeasement What is at stake, for whom, in Syria? [why would America care?]  Refugees  Nuclear proliferation  Oil  Turkey Post-Cold War: Nationalism in the Balkans Revisited When can intervention succeed? Thursday 9/15/16 – recitation - Anarchy is not chaos, not in international relations. States act on their own accord. - Sovereign states: protected by their own being. An outside force is not governing them. - States as the central actors: not looking at any kind of institutions. The Prisoners Dilemma Applied to the States: 1. Arms races 2. States working/not working together. 3. Should the state cooperate of defect?


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