New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

GGS 101 Week 2

by: Sondra Alba

GGS 101 Week 2 101

Sondra Alba

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Weather climate and cartrography
Major World Regions
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Major World Regions

Popular in GGS 101 001

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sondra Alba on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at George Mason University taught by Ward in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Major World Regions in GGS 101 001 at George Mason University.


Reviews for GGS 101 Week 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/24/16
Week 2 GGS 101 1. Reflections and Reradiation a. Reflection is a process where potentially receivable insolation is sent back into pace or diffused in the troposphere. Sources of reflection include clouds, and light colored surfaces. b. Reradiation is when earth absorbs short wave energy during the day, releases it back into the atmosphere at night in the form of long wave radiation i. Land vs water – important variable 2. Temperature and Altitude a. Lapse rate- the rate of change in temperature with altitude averaging 3.5®F per 100 feet of elevation. (6.4®C per 1000 meters) b. Temperature inversion- when rapid Reradiation causes temperature to be higher above the earth’s surface that at the surface itself. i. Examples: Los Angeles, California and Santiago, Chile 3. Wind and Air Pressure a. High pressure and low pressure systems i. Rotation and Coriolis effect 1. The Coriolis effect is a deflective forces arising from the rotation of the Earth on its axis. 2. Low pressure flows counter clockwise 3. High pressure flows clockwise ii. Air Pressure 1. Normal air pressure is 14.7 pounds per inch squared and is measured by a barometer. 2. Average pressure is 29.92 inches of mercury in a barometer. 3. The Doldrums is an area of stagnation at the equator 4. The horse latitudes hold at 30® Latitude. Called horse latitudes because sails would come to a halt and they would sometimes through their horses off to relieve some weight to get a sail. iii. Mountain and Valley Breezes 1. Mountain breezes occur at night where heavy cool air from high snow areas descends into lower valley regions. 2. Valley breezes occur during the day when warm air moves up slops into mountain regions. Common in southern California a. Example: Santa Ana Winds 4. Moisture in the Atmosphere: a. Precipitation- moisture in any form, that falls from the sky to the ground b. Condensation nuclei- needed for precipitation. Can be dust, pollen, salt, pollutants. Needed so moisture can have something to collect around. c. Saturated- when the air cannot hold any more moisture. i. Types of Precipitation 1. Cyclonic or Frontal Precipitation a. Cold front: fast moving, covering an average of 600 miles per day and usually followed by a high pressure system. b. Warm front: slow moving, usually generates drawn out periods of steady light precipitations c. Usually followed by a low pressure system 2. Conventional precipitation a. Rising, heated moisture- laden air typical in a summer afternoon thunder storm. 3. Orographic precipitation a. Warm, moist air forced up a mountain where it cools and condenses at higher altitudes. b. Storm Surge- piling of water onto the coast through wind gusts. 5. Lightning a. 90% never touches the ground b. A streak can stretch over 100 miles c. Temperatures exceed 50,000®F d. Kills one in every 6 people it strikes 6. Hail a. Caused by strong updraft comets 7. El Nino – is an unusual warming of the waters off the coast of Peru. a. Causes global domino effects b. Heated water increases evaporation c. Happens every 3-7 years d. Usually followed by La Nina 8. La Nina- is an unusual cooling of the waters off the coast of Peru. 9. Climate a. A Koppen-Geirger: the system of climate classification 10.Problem defining climate regions a. Records scares, short term, often inadequate. b. Weather/climate tend to change gradually from place to place c. Always room for argument 11.Climate regions a. Influenced by latitude and altitude b. Classified by temperature and precipitation 12.Clouds a. Cumulus (low altitude) b. Cumulonimbus (low altitude) c. Stratus (low altitude) d. Cirrus (high altitude) 13.History of Cartography a. Eratosthenes (276-194 B.C.E.) b. Pythagoras and Aristotle (350 B.C.E.) are known to have decided that the earth was round. c. When measuring the how big the earth is they used geometric calculations d. Maps were previously cared in either rock or wood.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.