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Week 5 - Organic Chemistry I: Lecture Notes

by: Audrey Hernandez

Week 5 - Organic Chemistry I: Lecture Notes CHEM 2410

Marketplace > University of Toledo > Organic Chemistry > CHEM 2410 > Week 5 Organic Chemistry I Lecture Notes
Audrey Hernandez
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These notes cover more nomenclature and the beginning of molecular strain as covered in week 5 of lecture.
Organic Chemistry 1
Joseph Schmidt
Class Notes
Science, Chemistry, organic, Organic Chemistry
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Hernandez on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 2410 at University of Toledo taught by Joseph Schmidt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry 1 in Organic Chemistry at University of Toledo.

Similar to CHEM 2410 at Toledo

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Date Created: 09/24/16
Organic Chemistry I Week 5 Lecture Notes  Dr. Joseph Schmidt   Naming more compounds    ❖ Naming ​Haloalkanes  ➢ Number the halogen and write it as a substituent   ➢ Look for a suitable root  ■ This root should be able to indicate as much as it can about the structure of  the molecule, worry about added molecular branches later  ● Roots:  ◆ ­ene  ◆ ­yne  ■   ● Suffixes:  ◆ ­ol  ◆ ­al  ◆ ­amine  ◆ ­one  ◆ ­oic acid  ➢ The process  ■ Find the longest continuous carbon chain that contains the ​functional  group  ● Remember, like last time the functional group should be on the  smallest number carbon  ■ If there are multiple functional groups you can group them together under  a numbered prefix (di­, tri­, etc), just remember to place the numbered  carbon they appear on in front  ■ Any other substituents can be numbered as described before  ■ Everything else follows the same rules as described before  ❖ Frequently common names will be used as the naming system can result in very  complicated names  ❖ Naming E ​ thers  ➢ List the two substituents before the “ether”  ❖ Naming A ​ mines  ➢ List the three substituents before the “amine”  ❖ Practice  ➢ Name the following drawn structures!        Organic Chemistry I Week 5 Lecture Notes  Dr. Joseph Schmidt     Energy differences and strains    ❖ Strains  ➢ Distortions of or strain on a molecule's structure can to a higher level of energy  ➢ Strain types…  ■ Angle  ● Bond angles being pushed further or closer from the ideal  ● Increases energy  ■ Bond  ● When bonds are forced to be either longer or shorter than the ideal  ● Results in energy increase  ■ Small ring  ● A kind of angle strain in ring molecules with less than six carbon  atoms  ■ Steric  ● Between atoms that are four bonds apart but still bump into each  other  ■ Torsional   ● Between atoms that are three bonds apart but still bump into one  another  ● Newman projection  ◆ Drawing showing a top­down view of molecule  ◆ Shows how atoms are arranged    ● Two types  ◆ Staggered  ➢ The prefered formation to minimizes unwanted  collisions  Organic Chemistry I Week 5 Lecture Notes  Dr. Joseph Schmidt     ◆ Eclipsed  ➢ High collisions between atoms, increasing energy  ➢ Atoms overlapped perfectly, draw slight angled to  show eclipsed lay out   


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