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GGS 101 Week 3

by: Sondra Alba

GGS 101 Week 3 101

Sondra Alba

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Maps. Introduction to chapter 1. Europe.
Major World Regions
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sondra Alba on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at George Mason University taught by Ward in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Major World Regions in GGS 101 001 at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 09/24/16
Week 3 GGS 101 1) Large scale map - shows a small area 2) Small scale map - shows a large area 3) Peutinger Table: a) takes its name from the 16th century owner, Konrad Peutinger b) a roman road map, roughly 1-foot-high and 20 feet long c) originally a “rolled map”, later cut into 12 sections d) much controversy surrounds its date of creation. Some say 1st century and some say the 4th century 4) Impressionistic Maps of the Middle Ages a) Predominate shape was the T-O Map (Orbis Terrarium) b) The name comes from structure of the map: a “T” inside of an “O” c) Reflected the power of the church at the time 5) Birth of the Atlas a) Mid-1500s b) Exploration c) rise of world economies d) time of turmoil throughout Europe e) time=money 6) Aegidius Hooftman a) merchant, obsessed with maps and charts to aid his business b) relied heavily on his maps c) organizing them always a problem (solution needed) 7) Abraham Ortelius a) not an academic, though highly regarded by scholars throughout Europe b) born in Antwerp, Holland in 1527 c) cartographer and collector d) intrigued by Hooftman’s problem e) planned a map book with 30 bounded maps for Hooftman f) Consulted heavily with his friend: Gerald Mercator 8) Atlas a) included were maps of the Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy and others b) maps not his work, but a collection of the finest maps of that time c) May 20, 1570: the 1st edition of the first modern geographical atlas published, complied, and edited by Abraham Ortelius d) Theatric Orbis Terrarium (Theater of the world) e) Gerald Mercator (1512-1594) i) Mercator was working on a major navigational problem: how to plot a course with a straight line on a curved surface ii) Mercator is considered a genius, may have done more than any other man to raise map making from a low art form to an exact science (E.g. first to use the names north and south iii) America, first to produce a map where Asia and north America were not joined, and expert engraver credited with being using italics) iv) Mercator produced all his maps himself v) Ortelius’s success is an inspiration to Mercator; decides to create his own book vi) 1st of the three-part book published in 1585 (51 maps) vii)When all 3 parts were finished, the collection was officially named: Atlas Sive Cosmographicae Meditationes De Fabrica Mundi At Fabricati Firgura OR viii) Cosmographical meditations upon the creation of the universe and the universe as created f) Atlas i) Projection - a 3rd dimensional object on a 2-dimensional surface ii) Mercator Projection: perfect for the purpose it was intended for one of the most famous projections of all time perhaps the most misused projection in history. g) Components of a complete map i) Map Elements ii) title (including a date) iii) legend iv) scale v) North arrow vi) source statement vii)graphic element viii) Design Variables ix) color x) line work (how thick lines are) xi) font (style and size) xii)zymology xiii) texture h) 3 ways to represent scale i) representative fraction (RF) Ex 1:10,000 (use the same units) ii) Verbal or Equivalent statement. Ex 1:250,000 - 1 inch equals 4 miles iii) Bar scale ◦Miles, feet, and kilometers i) Types of maps i) Locational: Main purpose is to get you from point a to point b ii) Thematic: to convey quantitative/qualitative special information (1) Choropleth-shows varying degrees of shading (2) Isopleth- shows lines of similar value (3) Proportional symbol- symbols of various size depending on value (4) Dot Density- shows one dot that has a set value iii) Cartograms: utilize distortion to better convey a geographic message. (1) Locational (2) Thematic iv) Aerial Photography and Satellite Imagery Analysis (1) Active Radar Sensor (2) Passive Sensor (3) Multi spectrum 9) Europe Chapter 1 a) Relative location: how close something is to the things around it. 10) Defining the European Realm a) What is Europe? It is a cultural sphere i) Continent ii) The Great Peninsula- contains smaller peninsulas iii) Extends to Russian Boarder b) Characteristics of Europe i) Europe constitutes of a lot of the great population clusters of the world ii) Levels of economic development decline from west to east iii) Population- is highly urbanized iv) Agriculture- is mainly market oriented v) Economies- predominantly industrial


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