The American Revolution: The First Confrontation
The American Revolution: The First Confrontation HIST 1311
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Angela Dela Llana
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Dela Llana on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Stephen Maizlish in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/24/16
HIST 1311 The American Revolution: The First Confrontation I. The New Empire II. The Sugar Act— 1764 A. George Grenville B. Virtual Representation III. The Stamp Act— 1765 A. The Loyal Nine B. Mackintosh IV. The Declaratory Act— 1766 The New Empire Britain won against France in the Seven Years War, kicking them out of North America and In order to maintain the colonies they won from France, Britain had to send more troops to America. They thought they were doing Americans a favor because they were spending money on troops to protect Americans from French and Native American attack. debt. The Sugar Act— 1764 George Grenville was in charge of dealing with British debt at the time. He thought Americans There already was a 6 cent tax on molasses. Grenville discovered that Americans are not paying that tax, paying around a cent and a half to instead smuggle the molasses to avoid the tax. Grenville decided to lower the tax on molasses to 3 cents so Americans can trade legally with lower cuts and Britain can profit more from the tax. However, he also decided to enforce the tax more strictly. Anyone who violated the tax was to be tried in a British military court. In a British military court, the Americans would certainly be This was called the Sugar Act. The Sugar Act did three main things: 1. Cut the Molasses Act fee in half. 2. Implemented admiralty courts. 3. Raised revenue. Notes by Angela Dela Llana Americans felt that their liberty was under attack because the right to tax themselves was being violated. Money was property, and to them, Britain was taking away their money, their property, without consent, threatening American liberty. For 100 years, Americans had been taxed by fellow Americans, people they knew. Then, all of the sudden, the British, people they ocean away, were making the decisions to tax the American people. Americans were opposed to this virtual representation because they felt they were being taxed without representation. The Stamp Act— 1765 The Stamp Act was even more severe than the Sugar Act. It required all formal documents in the colony to be written on stamped paper. In order to get a stamp, colonists had to pay a tax. Things like legal court documents and card decks needed a stamp. Americans were angry at Parliament for passing this act without the direct consent of Americans. They decided to protest by signing petitions and boycotting British goods, hoping the British would listen. The American colonists still identified as Englishmen and demanded their rights as Englishmen. Americans did many things to boycott British goods, from sewing their own clothes to brewing and nothing was working. Colonists decided that direct action was needed and tested Parliament out on the streets, resorting to violence. This decision was made easier because of previous protests led by Ebenezer Mackintosh because of the British troops seizing bars and putting them under their control. A group of shopkeepers and artisans called the Loyal Nine teamed up with Mackintosh. He lead a crowd of people to invade the house of soon-to-be stamp distributor Andrew Oliver. They destroyed his office and hang an effigy of him, stamping it and burning it along with the office. All of this was done to intimidate Oliver. Oliver resigned the next day. No one wanted the job because anyone who applied would be written down by Mackintosh. Violence stopped the Stamp Act from being properly enforced. Britain considered sending troops to America to distribute the stamps, but they didn t want to do so because they didn t want to ruin reputation and keep people from immigrating there. Instead, they decided to repeal the Stamp Act. The Declaratory Act— 1766 Britain passes Declaratory Act, asserting their right to tax Americans as they wish. Notes by Angela Dela Llana