Modern Sociological Theory Reading Notes week 4
Modern Sociological Theory Reading Notes week 4 SOC 3150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeleine Martin on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3150 at University of Colorado Colorado Springs taught by Jeff Montez de Oca in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Modern Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of Colorado Colorado Springs.
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Date Created: 09/24/16
Reading NotesWeek 3 Madeleine Martin WageLabor and CapitalKarl Marx 1847 1. Workers exchange labor for money, this takes place in a defined ratio. 2. Price of a commodity is determined by buyers and sellers, inquiry to delivery, and supply and demand. 2.1. Competition is three sided. 2.2. Commodities offered by various sellerscapitalist. 3. Wages 3.1. Rise and fall with supply and demand 3.2. The money workers make keeps them alive so that they continue to work to make money to keep themselves alive. 4. Machines 4.1. Increase in production = increase in profit. 4.2. Capitalists compete by making the newest and best machines to produce the most. 5. In summation: 5.1. “The more productive capital grows, the more the division of labor and the application of machinery expands. The more the division of labor and the application of machinery expands, the more competition among the workers expands and the more their wages contract.” 5.2. “Thus the forest of uplifted arms demanding work becomes thicker while the arms themselves become ever thinner.” ClassesKarl Marx 1867 1. “What constitutes a class?” 1.1. “What makes wage laborers, capitalists, and landlords constitute the three great social classes?” Manifesto of the Communist Party Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels 1848 1. Communism 1.1. “Communism is already acknowledged by all European powers to be itself a power.” 1.2. “It is high time that the Communists should openly, in the fact of the whole world, publish their views, their aims their tendencies, and meet this nursery tale of the Spectre of Communism with a Manifesto of the party itself.” 2. Bourgeois and Proletarians 2.1. Bourgeois sprouted from feudalism and established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of old. 2.2. Two Classes: 2.2.1. Bourgeoisie 126.96.36.199. A series of revolutions in the modes of production. 188.8.131.52. Plays the revolutionary part, only exists due to revolution. 184.108.40.206. Managed by the Executive of the Modern State. 220.127.116.11. “It has resolved personal worth into exchange value, and in place of the numberless indefeasible chartered freedoms, has set up that single, unconscionable freedom – Free Trade.” 18.104.22.168. “What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, is its own grave diggers. Its fall and victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable.” 2.2.2. Proletariats 22.214.171.124. A class of laborers who work to live and live to work. 126.96.36.199. Serve as a commodity. 188.8.131.52. “Modern industry has converted the little workshop of the patriarchal master into the great factory of the industrial capitalist.” 184.108.40.206. The proletariat is recruited from all classes of the population. 2.3. Proletarians and Communists 2.3.1. Communists 220.127.116.11. The communist party is not in opposition to other working class parties. 18.104.22.168. Their interests are the interests of the proletariat. 22.214.171.124. “Formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow the bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat.” 126.96.36.199. “The distinguishing feature of Communism is not the abolition of property generally, but the abolition of bourgeois property.” 188.8.131.52. Goal: Abolition of private property. 2.4. 10 Cornerstones of Communism 2.4.1. Abolition of property and land and application of all rents of land to public purposes 2.4.2. A heavy progressive or graduated income tax 2.4.3. Abolition of all right to inheritance 2.4.4. Confiscation of all property of all emigrants and rebels 2.4.5. Centralisation of credit in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly. 2.4.6. Centraliztion of the means of communication and transport in the hands of the state. 2.4.7. Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the State, the bringing of cultivation of wastelands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan. 2.4.8. Equal liability of label. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture. 2.4.9. Combination of agriculture with manufacturing; gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country, by a more equitable distribution of the population over the country, 2.4.10. Free education for all children in public schools. Abolition of children's factory labor in its present form. Combination with education and industrial production. 2.5. “Political power…is merely the organized power of one class for oppressing another.” The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis BonaparteKarl Marx 1852 1. “Men make their own history…under circumstances directly encountered, given and transmitted in the past.” 2. The people are fighting dead revolutions. 3. “Bourgeois revolutions…storm swiftly from success to success, their dramatic effort outdo each other, men and things seem set in sparkling brilliance, ecstasy is the everyday spirit, but they are short lived, soon they have attained their zenith, and a long crapulent depression seizes society before it learns soberly to assimilate the results of its stormlike stress period.”
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