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PY 101, Memory

by: Hannah Tomlinson

PY 101, Memory Psychology 101

Hannah Tomlinson

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Memory notes
Intro to Psychology
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Tomlinson on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Rachel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Date Created: 09/25/16
9/19 Memory Memory  Memory: the nervous system’s capacity to retain and retrieve skills and knowledge -We have multiple memory systems, and each memory system has its own “rules” Information Processing Theory Sensory inputEncodingStorageRetrieval Memory is the Processing of Information  Encoding: the processing of info so that it can be stored  Storage: the retention of encoded representatives over time  Consolidation: the neural process by which encoded information becomes stored in memory  Retrieval: the act of recalling or remembering stored information when it is needed  Reconsolidation: neural processes involved when memories are recalled and then stored again for retrieval Sensory Memory is Brief  Sensory memory: a memory system that very briefly stores sensory information in close to its original sensory form -Consists of brief traces on the nervous system that reflect perpetual processes -Persists for about 1/3 of a second and then progressively fades Working Memory is Active  Material is passed from sensory memory to short-term memory -Short-term memory: a memory storage system that briefly holds a limited amount of information in awareness -Working memory: an active processing system that keeps different types sensory inputsensory memoryshort-term memorylong-term memory Memory Span and Chunking  Memory span refers to the amount of information held in working memory  Remembers 7 details  Chunking: organizing information into meaningful units Long-term Memory  Explicit memory (declarative): Requires conscious effort and often can be verbally described -Episodic: personally experienced events -Semantic memory: facts and knowledge (education)  Implicit memory (non declarative): doesn’t require conscious effort and often can’t be verbally described -Classical conditioning: associating 2 stimuli elicits a response -Procedural memory: motor skills and habits (riding a bike)


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