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Poli 201 Week 6 Interest Group Notes

by: Andrew Griffin

Poli 201 Week 6 Interest Group Notes POLI 201 004

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Political Science > POLI 201 004 > Poli 201 Week 6 Interest Group Notes
Andrew Griffin

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These are the notes from this past week which we only took on Thursday since our test was on Tuesday!
American National Government
Robert Oldendick
Class Notes
Interest, groups, political, Science
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Andrew Griffin on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 201 004 at University of South Carolina taught by Robert Oldendick in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Thursday, September 22, 2016 Poli 201 Week 6 - Interest Groups Interest Groups - Reasons for joining Interest Groups - Major Types of Interest Groups - Interest Group strategies • direct techniques • indirect techniques Public Opinion and the Political Process - government policy tends to follow public opinion - public opinion can also limit government action by putting constraints on the type of policies they consider Changes in Legislature - after the assassination of John Lennon and the attempt on Reagan congress enacted the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (Brady Law) which established the national background check - The federal assault weapon ban was passed in 1994 and banned the manufacture and transfer of semiautomatic weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices - in 2004 the Assault Weapons ban expired due to a sunset provision. Efforts by gun control advocates to renew the ban failed, as did attempts to replace it after it became defunct Interest Groups - an organized group of individuals who share a common objective and actively attempt to influence politics and policy makers of all branches of the government - this is not a political party because an interest group is only focused on a certain topic they want to influence not run someone for office 1 Thursday, September 22, 2016 Health Care Interest Groups 1. Doctors (AMA) 2. Drug Companies 3. AARP 4. Small Businesses 5. Lawyers 6. Homeless Advocates 7. Nursing Home/ Long term care 8. Mental Health Associations 9. Hospitals 10. Insurance companies 11. Unions 12. Religious Right 13. Women’s groups 14. Cigarette Manufactures Solidary Incentive - reasons or motives having to do with the desire to associate with others and to share with others a particular interest or hobby Material Incentives - reasons having to do with economic benefits or opportunities Purposive Incentives - reasons or motives that are based on agreement with the goals of the group 2 Thursday, September 22, 2016 Types of Interest Groups - Economic Interest Groups • Business: looking to protect business interest and promote effective policy to precent government intervention • Agriculture: looking out for the agriculture interest i.e Drought relief, flood relief, price protection • Labor: largely representing blue collar workers i.e right to strike and be protected, increase in minimum wage • Public Employee Union: represent people who work for the government i.e teachers, state county employees, police unions, firemen unions • Interest Groups of Professionals: focus on legislations and executive orders that are going to affect them specifically - environmental groups: focus on protecting the earth - Public Interest groups: they focus on types of issues that are “good government” issues, meaning they focus on things that benefit all of society - Single Issue Interest Groups: this group focuses on one single issue - Foreign Government: Interest Groups Techniques - Direct: • Lobbying: an attempt by an organization to pass, defeat or change a bill passed by congress or by the executive branch - hold private meetings with public officials where they often furnish needed info - testify before congressional committees - testify before executive rule making committee - assisting legislators or bureaucrats in drafting legislation or prospective regulations - inviting legislators to social occasions 3 Thursday, September 22, 2016 - providing political information to legislators and other government officials - supplying nominations for federal appointments to the executive branch • Publicizing ratings of legislative behavior: 4


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