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English 101

by: Lauren Price

English 101 English 101

Lauren Price
GPA 4.0
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About this Document

Lessons 1 and 2 of English 101, week 1
English 101
Melissa Rack
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Price on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to English 101 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Melissa Rack in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see English 101 in English at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.

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Date Created: 09/25/16
Monday, August 22 Analyzing rhetorical situations: purpose, genre, context -Point of chapter 3: Writer’s write for a purpose, they write within a genre and have a specific audience -Writers aim to change reader’s view, clarify, or reconstruct it -Their motive is to reach out to their audience through language stems from a ‘need’, a problem, misunderstanding, or gap in knowledge that the author wishes to clarify -Exigence: Lloyd F. Bitzer, a need for someone to write about an issue, might also be described as an author’s sense of flaw -Ways in which the writer responds to exigence: -Express and reflect -Inquire and explore -Inform and explain -Analyze and interpret -Take a stand -Evaluate and judge -Propose a solution -Seek common ground -Identifying an author’s intended audience -Look for cues of the author’s language and detail that reveal assumptions Genre: Recurring category or type of writing based on identifiable features (structure, document design, etc.) Wednesday, August 24 Writing Rhetorical Analysis: chapter 4 -A thoughtful reading of a text begins with your questions addressed to the text and its authors -Entails carefully interrogating a text’s claims and evidence and its subtle forms of persuasion so that you can make sounds judgements and offer thoughtful responses -Your job is to be critical, which doesn’t necessarily mean fault-finding but that you use “careful and exact evaluation and judgement” -There are three classical rhetorical appeals, identified by Aristotle -Ethos: Persuasive power of author’s credibility or character, ethics -Logos: Persuasive power of author’s reasons, evidence, and logic -Pathos: Persuasive power of author’s appeal to interests, emotions, and imagination of the audience Ethos -To change readers’ minds, writers must project an image of themselves that will gain credibility -How to gauge credibility: -Find out their background -Look at text and examine it and create an image of them in your mind -Do they seem knowledgeable? What is the mood? What do they like, dislike? Does it seem logical? Would you want to spend time with them? How do they approach the topic? Wednesday, August 24 Logos -Convince readers that author’s perspective is reasonable, support claims through combination of reasons and evidence -The key points that they want readers to know are called claims -They can be contestable, so ask: -Are the terms clear? Are some words ambiguous? Is it overstated? -To support the claim we must have a reason, the “because” -Questions to ask: Do the reasons really support the claims? Is the assertion in the reason in need of more support? Do the reasons tie into the beliefs and values of the audience? -Evidence, facts, statistics, personal experience, and expert testimony are all forms of logos -Assumptions -The writer expects you to believe certain things without questions Pathos: appeal to emotion Questions to ask: How does the writer hook and keep your interest? How does the author make you care about the subject? How do they tweak your emotions or connect an argument with ideas or beliefs that you value? 4 Ways Writers Engage with the Audience: influencing the audience to identify with 1. The writer 2. The topic or issue Wednesday, August 24 3. A certain group of fellow readers or 4. Particular interests, values, beliefs, and emotions


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