New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

History Lecture Week IV Notes

by: Sarah Notetaker

History Lecture Week IV Notes 105

Marketplace > Western Nevada College > History > 105 > History Lecture Week IV Notes
Sarah Notetaker

GPA 3.51
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for European to 1648

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive European to 1648 notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes are from Thursday's lecture. (Power point notes and verbal notes)
European to 1648
Joseph Bell
Class Notes
history, ancient, Greece, GreekMinoans




Popular in European to 1648

Popular in History

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 105 at Western Nevada College taught by Joseph Bell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see European to 1648 in History at Western Nevada College.


Reviews for History Lecture Week IV Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/25/16
Judaism Thursday, September 22, 2016 12:56 PM Topics in these notes: Assyria Minoans Polis Persians Mycenaeans Zoroastrianism The Dark Ages Ancient Greeks Homer The Rise of the Assyrian Empire -Began as vassals to other kingdoms -Northern area of Meso. -Had rainfall -No natural border -Invaded places in which they had been attacked in the past -Tiglath-Pileser I -unique military -defensive expansion -Huge, specialized armies(interpreters, scribes, pioneers) -Highly disciplined and skilled -Expert besiegers -Terror -brutal tactics -successful -Pileser III expands Assyrian empire The Fall of the Assyrian Empire -Ashurbanipal (669-262 BCE) -High point of artistic and imperial achievement -Empire over extended -Empire begins to break under Ash. -612 BC- Neo-Babylonian Empire -While Ash was busy fighting Babylonia, Egypt freed itself from Assyrian control The Persians -Neo-Babylonian Empire (605-539 BC) -Persians -Pastoralists Circa 750 BC tribal confederations(clans) -Circa 700 BC Monarchies -612 BC Median Empire (Cyaxares) Cyrus the Great -Cyrus Rex Persarum: 559 BC -550: defeats the Medes -Lydians -547 BC Croesus defeated by Cyrus -Babylonians -539: Babylon Captured -Relatively easy to take -Cyrus deals kindly with the Babylonians -religious tolerance -native government -Restore temples -Issued edict to allow Jews back into Jerusalem -benevolence -Accepted as rightful ruler -Accepted as rightful ruler -His heirs expand into Egypt, India, and the Balkans The Persian Empire -The largest the world had ever seen -Divided into 20 snatrapes -Maintained roads to ensure communication -The Royal Road, stretched all the way from Asia Minor(Susa) to the capital (Sardis) -Staging posts along roads -Extremelywealthy-> turned into greed->weakenedempire -Excellent military -"immortals"10,000maintained at all times -Special privileges -Vastly greater than immortalarmy -250,000members -Excellent Cavalry -Bow and spear infantry -Had many peoples incorporated (from being conquered) Zoroastrianism -660 BC: ZoroasterBorn -previously polytheisticpantheon -Ahuramazda- the only one god (good spirit) -Gave everyonethe choice between good and bad -Good would prevail -Hell and heaven -Ahriman (bad spirit) -Great Kings endorsed Zoroastrianism - Religion changed over time -Zend Avesta- the sacred book The Ancient Greeks -Greek Geography -Small, mountainous, isolated communities -Various cultures due to isolation -Fostered political participation -Athens (DEMOCRACY) -Maritime trade -varied culture -Peloponnese -Hills -Attica (Attic peninsula) [almost surrounded by the sea] -Euboea-> Thebes Central Greece -Thessay ->horsemen -> flat area -Macedonian The Minoans -Earliest civilization in the Aegean sea -Arthur Evans made the discovery of the Minoans -2800 BCE Minoans established -2000-1450 BCE Minoans flourished -Palace complex in Knossos -Strong navy, little mainland defense -1450 BCE collapse due to invasions and/or earthquakes The Mycenaean Greeks -Mycenae -1600- 1100 BCE Mycenaeans flourished -High point was 1400-1200 BCE (200 years) -Fortified palace complexes History 105 Page 2 -Fortified palace complexes -Very warlike peoples -Murals depicted hunt and fighting scenes -Conquered Crete -1200 BCE Downfall of the Mycenaeans -Multiple theories for why they declined -Most plausible is earthquakes in that area The Dark Ages -1100-850BCE -Very few records (dark spot in history because it's unclear what was happening) -Destructiveyet formativetime -Populations fell -Farming decreased -Movementto the coasts away from mainland -Iron replaces bronze -Organize into polis (city-states) -8th century BCE the Phoenician alphabet was adopted, vowels were added which lead to poetry Homer - The Iliad -Wrath of Achilles= disaster -The Odyssey -Cunning and patience prevail: virtue > vice -Epics may or may not depict Mycenaean Greeks -Forms core of aristocraticvalues -Heroism, honor, nobility -Massively influential to ancient Greece The Polis -Central to ancient Greek identity -City-State -Gather for political ,social, economic, cultural, religious events -Refugee for attack -Meet at polis regardless of actual location of home(near or out of city) -Varying sizes -Center for ALL community events -Local patriotism and patron god worship 1) Citizen with political rights (adult men) 2) Citizen without political rights (women & children) 3) Non-citizens a. Slaves b. Resident aliens -Hoplite Phalanx Warfare -ο πολιτησ (citizen solider) -Heavily armored -Bronze and leather History 105 Page 3


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.