Sociology week 5
Sociology week 5 SOCI 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joy Bullington on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1101 at Georgia Southern University taught by Professor Nathan Palmer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Culture How is this affected by culture? How Sociologist view the world Individual agency = free will Society o Social structure o Culture Individual o Individual agency Social Structure, culture, and individual agency are all connected to each other Sociologist believe that society (Social structure and culture) constrains individual agency. Elements of Culture A shared system of beliefs and knowledge (a system of meaning and symbols) A set of values, beliefs, and practices Shared forms of communication Symbols o Communicate an idea while being distinct from the idea. It’s a stand in. Language o A comprehensive system of symbols (letter, words, images) that are used to communicate. Values o Tell us how things “ought to be.” In an ideal situation, how should things go? Norms o Rules that tell us how to behave in a particular situation o Our norms come from our values and tell us what our values should be. Rituals o A ritual is formalized sequence of behaviors or activities. Some rituals are sacred, but many others are not. Ideology o An ideology is a system of shared beliefs, values, and attitudes that underlie and justify the status quo (the way things are). We understand the world because we have Ideology. o Every culture has multiple ideologies o Growing up, we learn our culture’s ideologies and often we accept them as true without given them a second thought. Ideology Video We use ideology all the time to make sense of the world around us The truth hurts Non-material (ideas and beliefs) culture manifests itself in the material world. Mercator projection Maps Useful for nautical purposes because lines were straight but it makes land disproportionate Cultural Toolkits The collection of symbols, stories, rituals, and ways of thinking, which we use in varying configurations to solve different kinds of problems Types of cultures within a society Mainstream culture o The most widely shared systems of meanings and cultural tool kits in a society. Ex) English Subcultures o Relatively small groups of people whose affiliation is based on shared beliefs, preferences, and practices that exist under the mainstream and distinguish them from the mainstream Countercultures o A group whose ideas, attitudes, and behaviors are in direct conflict with mainstream culture and who actively contest the dominant cultural practices in the societies of which they are a part.
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