Government week 1 notes
Government week 1 notes 2305
Lone Star College-Montgomery
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexie Bennett on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2305 at Lone Star College-Montgomery taught by Beggan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Federal Government in Government at Lone Star College-Montgomery.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
6 September 2016 Chapter 1 ● The Development of our Democracy/Constitution ○ Demos - Masses ○ Kratos - Power ○ The Greeks believed that citizenship involved decisions and debates designed for improving society. ○ 2000 years ago, most of the world was controlled by the Catholic Church. ○ The Catholic Church had strong relationship with Monarchs. ○ Protestant Reformation 1300s-1400s ■ It questions the authority of the church and the Pope. ○ Enlightenment Movement 1600s ■ Where we begin to use science, logic, and reason to explain how the world works. ● Monarchs ● Catholics ■ Thomas Hobbes - Man is evil, and the reason we have government is to prevent man from going to war. ■ John Locke - People formed governments to preserve Life, Liberty, and Property. ■ Stuart Mills - Emphasized the importance of Liberty and economic freedom. ● Different Types of Government: Exclusive vs Inclusive ○ Exclusive - very few ○ Inclusive - open ○ Autocracy - Is ruled by 1 ■ Dictatorship ■ Kings & Queens ○ Oligarchy - This is where Elites rule ■ North Korea ■ Cuba ■ When the rich link up with the military (Coup D'etat) ○ Democracy - Ruled by many ● Purposes of Democratic Governments ○ To maintain order in society ○ It must provide public goods ■ Public Goods are goods and services which are funded by taxes, which can be used by all the public. ● Community College ● Parks ● Libraries ● Public roads/highways ○ Must promote equality ● Original vs. Modern Dilemma ○ The original dilemma was faced by the people that wrote the constitution - The Framers. ○ How do you balance the amount of freedom and the amount of order in society? ○ How do you balance freedom and order while considering equality? ● Who are Americans today? ○ In 1776, our population was mostly WASPs - Anglo Saxons ○ 80% was Anglo Saxon ○ We conducted our first census in 1790 ○ 1790 - population was 3.9 million ○ 1900 - population was 76 million ○ 2014 - population was 322 million ○ Texas - population was 27 million ○ National Origins Quota System Law ○ 12% of population is African American ○ 15% of population is Hispanic ○ 2-4% of population is Asian ○ 67% of population is White ○ The other % is mixed raced populatio
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