Globalizatin Notes SOC-S100
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie Franciskovich on Monday March 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S100 at Indiana University taught by Peter Lista in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 156 views. For similar materials see SOC-S100 in Sociology at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 03/30/15
Globalization 33015 1047 AM A The increased economic political and social interconnectedness of the world The systematic differences in wealth and power between countries a Highincome countries a Worldwide networks of both labor and production processes which yield a finished product i Globalization is integral in the development of a global economy Think about your cell phone What went into making it What went into getting you the final product 0 Raw materials from Africa and china china to be assembled by foxcon design programming labor9shipped back to the US gas oil time that goes into the shipping 0 Each of the above components are coming Design US Raw materials china and Africa Assembling of parts china 0000 II Global Inequality A Highincome countries 1 North America B Lowincome countries 1 Eastern western and SubSahara Africa Cambodia North Korea Nepal Bangladesh Haiti etc 2 14 of worlds population 7 of world s wealth C Measuring Global Inequality 1 2 If you were a sociologist in globalization how might you measure global inequality a Per capita GDP i Production profits Gini coefficient Industry Cost of living Mortality rate Tourism a The annual output of goods and services in a given country per person TthDnO39 III THEORIES OF GLOBAL INEQUALITY A 1 The best possible economic consequences will result if individuals are free to make their own economic decisions un inhibited by government constraint 1 lowincome societies develop only if they give up their traditional ways and adopt modern economic institutions technologies and cultural valuesquot a Agency or Structure i Opposing view modernization theory ignores how outside influences shape and sometimes inhibit economics 1 The poverty of lowincome countries stems directly from their exploitation by wealthy countries i The process whereby Western nations established their rule in parts of the world away from their home territories often to procure raw materials needed for industrialization b Change or stasis i Explains the persistence of inequality but not how some nations become successful hongKong 1 Emphasizes the interconnectedness among countries based mzon the expansion of a world economy E Thinking back to the longterm effects of discrimination against Africanamericans in the US what effect do you think cooniaization had on African Nations 1 LongTerm effects of Africa s Slave Trade Nunn 2008 a Historicalcomparative study b Negative relationship bw Slave exports and Economic Development i Effects of cooniaization continue over time F Four Elements of 1 Core a The most advanced industrial countries which take the majority of profits in the world economic system b High income countries USA Western Europe 2 Semiperiphery a Countries that supply sources of labor and reaw materials to the core but are not themselves fully industrialized economies 3 Periphery a Countries that have a marginal role in the world economy and are thus dependent on the core producing societies for their trading relationshipsquot 4 Simplicity of complexity a World systems theory offers a good argument but also a very very complex one G Which theory is right 1 Market 2 Depend 3 Worldsystem a Each of the above theories seek to explain how global inequaltiey developed 33015 1047 AM I GLOBAL CORPS UNION A What is the antidote to worker inequality 1 Organize globally 2 Focus on orporations 3 Workers unions and cities 4 Moralgt economic messages 5 Disrupt the global city B How the US lost out on iphone workgt 1 Why aren t iphones made in the US a Much cheaper labor b Production flexibility c Commodity chains d Government subsidiesuyttyyyy 2 What is Foxconn a Hon hai precision industry co ltd b Headquartered in Taiwan c Worlds largest electronics manufacturer and the largest private employer in china d Asia south Europe south and central America In 2013 foxconn announced plans to open a new 30 million robotics factory in Harrisburg PA II Challenges for a global sociology A Michael Burawoy 1947 1 Professor of sociology at university of California Berkeley 2 Presirdent of American Sociological Association 2004 and International B Is sociology global 1 We tend to think that sociology is universal but in reality there are many sociologies each with its own history in a broader global sociology 2 Challenges for a global sociology a English language i Treating English as the de facto language of sociologists means marginalizing nonnative speakers b Material divide D i In impoverished countries academics have additional pressures that structurally limit their ability to do basic sociology c Regional legacies i Postsoviet countries and parts of postcolonial Africa share similar struggles to establish national sociologies d Evaluating academics i As evaluation methods become more standardizes a focus on top English language sociology journals limits the development of local sociologies e Indigenous sociologies i Developing sociology that deviates from Western norms and institutions is increasingly difficult as inequality in academia increases 33015 1047 AM
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