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Ancient World Astronomy - Week 3 - ASTR 1345

by: Sera

Ancient World Astronomy - Week 3 - ASTR 1345 ASTR 1345-004

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > ASTR 1345-004 > Ancient World Astronomy Week 3 ASTR 1345

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Notes over Ancient World Astronomy from Week 3 (probably I don't remember)
Intro to Astronomy 1
James J Davis
Class Notes
astronomy, ancientworld, ancientworldastronomy, space, astr1345, astro, notes, Davis
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sera on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASTR 1345-004 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by James J Davis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Note taker: Sera ASTR 1345 Ancient Astronomy Recording the Sky  Mammoth tusk carving o Man on the front (might represent Orion) o Birth calendar on the back o ~38,000-year-old o Found in Germany’s Ach Valley  Cave paintings o Lascaux, France o ~20,000-year-old cave paintings o May show familiar constellations and sky features o “Man, Bird & Bull” might have been an attempt to represent the Summer Triangle o Bull painting could represent Taurus  Might also have the Pleiades, a bright cluster of young stars, on it  Nebra Disk o Gold and bronze ornamental disk o ~1600 BC o Oldest unequivocal representation of the cosmos o Discovered in a burial mound in Germany o Shows the sun and moon, location of the sunrise/sunsets, and the Pleiades The Ancient World  Egyptians o Pyramids and entrances facing the “Indestructible” star (Thuban), the resting place of the Pharaohs o Lay out of the pyramids resemble Orion’s belt o Used the stars to determine when the flooding of the Nile would occur for the beginning of farming season  Babylonians o Used calendars based on the stars o Used constellations and the sky to predict the future  Assyrians o Planned building times and orientations to particular stars Astrology  Interpreting astronomical influence on human affairs and events  Very popular in Ancient Greece  Spread around by Arab Astrologers  Not real science Constellations  A group of stars visibly related to one another in the sky Note taker: Sera ASTR 1345  Pareidolia – Random stimulus perceived as something recognizable  Most cultures had their own unique set of constellations  Taxonomy – giving the things around us names  Many constellations were based on mythological creatures specific to that culture  Our current constellations are based on the mythology from the Golden Era of Greece  Constellations were reminders of moral tales o Price of arrogance – Cassiopeia o Importance of family – Gemini The Sky Calendar  Virgo – “the Virgin” o Spring constellation o Told ancient civilizations when to begin farming  Orion – “the Hunter” o Autumn constellation o Told ancient civilizations when to begin harvesting their fields and storing food for winter Aristotle (384-322 BC)  Philosopher (not a scientist)  First Principles argument (“common sense”)  The Aristotelian Universe o His theory about the mechanics of the world o It was wrong o Geocentric o Said that spheres were the most perfect shape o The planets, Sun, and moons are all contained within their own separate spheres o Earth was not flat because if it was then all shadows would be the same length in different places o Universe was not much larger than Earth o It could not predict the position of planets o He stated it was not meant to be a scientific model, more just tell “basic truths” Horrors of Ancient Astronomy  Unpredictability – all of these things were bad omens to ancient civilizations o “Guest stars” – novae & supernovae o Comets o Eclipses


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