Soc 417 9-20-16 and 9-22-16
Soc 417 9-20-16 and 9-22-16 SW 417
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Anderson on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 417 at University of Mississippi taught by Boyas, Javier Francisco in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Social Welfare Policy II in Social Work at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
92016 Devolution ● Began in earnest during Reagan administration ● Block grants (states choose how to use the social welfare money) ○ States sometimes used surplus to fill in gaps in other area’s policies (that weren’t social welfare) ● Increased state authority ○ Variation among states in benefits/ services provided challenges in distributive justice ● Decreased federal government spending ○ Increased pressure on states, especially in times of recession Privatization [background is in slideshow] ● Allocating funds to private forprofit of nonprofit entities that provide social welfare benefits/services ● Less government spending for social welfare ○ Changed social contract ● Private entities lack the resources to fully address social problems ● Ignores need for structural reform ● Vouchers (for private school) ● Contractual relationship between public and private sectors ● Savings could be used to lower taxes and extend existing programs (so they say) ● Ownership/management of social services by private sector ● Techniques for privatization [in slideshow] Issues with privatization ● Commercialization: subjects human needs to economic marketplace ● Preferential selection: choosing clients based on market principles vs client needs; discriminatory practices (ex. Hospital not accepting children, the elderly, or people with chronic conditions) ● Cost effectiveness: government is in weak position to control prices charged for services ● Standardization: offering lowest quality product/service to generate surplus for investors and providers ○ Poor people get substandard services ○ Offering the most people services, with not the best quality services ● Oligopolization (like a monopoly) ○ Small number of organizations control a market ○ Reduce competition by buying competitors ○ A small number of organizations have power to shape social policy ○ 3 waves of acquisition in corporate sector i. Longterm care ii. Hospital management iii. Health maintenance organizations ● Leftleaning believe that it’s the government’s responsibility to provide social services ● Since public social programs are under violation, there’s more government reliance on private sector 92216 Social policy is influenced by: [check slides because we skipped things] ● Economic context: production, distribution, and use of income, wealth, and resources ● Political context: pursuit and exercise of power in public affairs ● Competition and conflict in economic and political processes ● These factors shape whether social policy promotes social justice or increases economic insecurity and inequality for the needy Approaches to social welfare [on test!] ● Institutional approach: government ensures basic needs are met ○ Taxes are collected for education, housing, food, health, etc. ○ Universal programs to be more inclusive ○ Horizontal equality ● Residual approach: Government should interfere only when family, religious institutions, and marketplace can’t meet needs ● Help only for very needy in dire situations ● Vertical equality IndustrializationWelfare Hypothesis ● Breakdown of family from industrialization requires govt assistance Maintenance of capitalism hypothesis ● Power elite make up and control policies to keep their power and wealth
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