Week 1 Notes
Popular in AAS 10 African-Am Culture & Soc
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aliyah Walker on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 20006 at University of California - Davis taught by Mr. Harrison in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see AAS 10 African-Am Culture & Soc in AAS at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Week1 9/27 African American - a new identity that recognises African roots and American Race(ex:black or white, etc) is a euro american modern concept that begins w renaissance -white only makes sense compared to non-white This white identity was created when black people came over -race is a social construct(how do u know) It can change depending on where in the world you are Categories can change over time ethiopianism=fusion & response to domination & existing Knowledge of Africa -black people looking back at thier history just looked at Egypt Cultural ancestors: egypt, Cush (Meroe), Ethiopia(references in bible) -meaning: a source of pride in past, as opposed to shame of present situation Europeans were saying their great past was greco roman w Queens AA as a counter narrative said they came from Queens More variation in racial groups than between them Thomas Theorem Something defined as real becomes real in its consequence Examples: Educational system Right handedness Color of emoji’s white/ color of people on products white is norm Guys can refer to everyone~ladies refers to just women Language creole - a mix in the south of black and french Religion -most AA are christian -millions of africans are muslim AA-different stances -some wanted to go back to Africa(saw it as home) -some wanted to stay in America(we built this, born here) -avoid africa(result of hearing only negative stuff about Africa) -some wanted claim their history (result of black scholars ) -there was a process to becoming African Americans African Empires( Sudanic States) 1960’s Sept. 29 *started reviewing defining race and ethiopianism as a counter narrative to the cultural oppression by white people saying they came from greco romans Ethiopianism does not refer to modern day ethiopia Ghana was located in modern state of Mali ● Capitol: Kumi Saleh, was a trading center in 11th century Mali located South & West of the kingdom of ghana ● 2 import leaders ○ Sundiata Keita (The Lion Prince) ○ Mansa Musa (1312-1337) ■ Muslim, conquered vast surrounding territory ● Origins in 7th century; powerful empire around 1235 Songhai centered on niger river at Gao( present day mali) ● Origins in the 8th century as a vassal state of mali ● Independence: 1355 ● Expanded as an empire under King Sonni Ali ● Ali captured Mali’s main towns:timbuktu ● Askia Mohamed ○ Made his Hajj with a 1500 big entourage ○ Routinized trade, established school, universities w/ international reputation ● Empire declined after 1500-start of slave trade Why talk about these 3 -examples of african continent kingdoms -ppl didnt know about these kingdoms b/c history did not include them Ethiopianism- “made-up” counternarratives Slavery did not have the modern connotations ● Ancient slavery was not based on skin color ● People were still people ● No one was born to be a slave Important facts about slavery in the Americas ● Estimated/disputed 10-12 million African taken from their home but really WE DON'T KNOW ● 3 month trip ● Brazil and Caribbean sugar plantations were the largest recipients of imported, enslaved Africans(3/4s went there) ● 600,000-650,000 African were brought to what later came to the U.S By 1800’s Trends among the black enslaved population ● Americanization- by the end of the American Revolution only 20% were African born ● Natural Increase- btw 1808 and C.W the slave population more than trippled 1.2mil to 4 mil ● Distribution: over 90% lived in the south on small farms Dates ● 1619- the 1st group of 20 servants arrives at jamestown ○ Servants some black some not ○ (1620) mayflower came over w/ pilgrims ● 1640- 1680 slavery institutionalized ● Law clarifies position of christianized slaves: doesn’t change their slave status ○ Before English common law held that christianity prohibited slavery between “brothers in christ” ● 1670-slaves declared by virginia law to be slaves for life
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