History 2365: American History to 1877 Week 5
History 2365: American History to 1877 Week 5 History 2365
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tyler Varzeas on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 2365 at Baylor University taught by Gerhardt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see History of the United States to 1877 in History at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
History 2365: American History to 1877 September 19, 2016 The Clash of Political Cultures Political structures in the colonies o British constitution is not a written document, but a living body in politics o Americans believe a written charter is necessary for constitution o Royal Governor seen as monarch position o Governor’s counsels – chosen by monarch to advise o Colonial Assemblies – parallel to house of commons in England. Imperial Wars The French threat in North America o French, on paper, are far outnumbered and outgunned by New England o But French had hidden advantages French have greater allies among Natives o Each side is very suspicious of the other King George’s War (17431748) o Series of schermishes between French and British in North America o French establish for Dequesne on Algany River Leads to conflict between French and inhabitants of Virginia o George Washington established Fort Necessity French overrun fort o The Albany Plan Meeting about both French and Native relationships Ben Franklin says in order to drive out French, Colonies need to form a collective Idea shot down by parliament French retain control of Ohio river valley Britain declares war on the French The Seven Years War (17561763) o British recapture Fort Louisburg Cuts off supply line for French o Unable to support the fort system along the river ways o Peace of Paris (1763) British obtain Canada, Florida, but Spain obtains Louisiana Americans see a glimpse of North American Territory that has never been seen before beyond the Appalachian American soldiers receive military training under British army History 2365: American History to 1877 September 21, 2016 Conflict in the Empire Breakdown of political Trust o George III becomes involved in Parliament by assigning friends inside o Parliamentary Sovereignty: British say Parliament decisions supersede all other decisions Does same sovereignty apply to the colonies? o Proclamation of 1763: American Colonists cannot settle in territory obtained from Seven Years War o British claim Parliament has sovereignty over colonies because of virtual representation o Americans say without actual representation, there is no representation o Americans start to mix John Locke’s views of virtue and enlightenment ideas to justify resistance Eroding the Bond of Empire Pontiac’s Rebellion: A man tells natives that in order to regain lands, they must go back to traditional beliefs o A man by the name of Pontiac stirs up rebellions everywhere o Colonists are now even more upset about proclamation of 1763 The National Debt o The Sugar Act (1764): Specifically created to raise revenue for British Empire o Americans begin protesting immediately The Stamp Act (1765) o Tax on everything printed or published o Boycotting becomes a political strategy o Colonists start to realize the difference between being an American and being a British citizen Townshend Revenue Acts o Levies taxes on goods, especially tea (Quartering Act enforced as well) o People continue to boycott British goods Fueling the Crisis The Boston Massacre (1770) o Troops are sent to Boston, a peaceful city, and are causing many problems o Animosity builds for two years o American boys throw a snowball at British soldiers, they shoot and kill five people o Samuel Adams becomes spokesperson for Boston Massacre Committees of Correspondence: People write to each other about tyrannous acts committed by the British across the Colonies The Boston Tea Party (1773) o Tea Act: Lowers price of tea by cutting out middle man o Colonists had been smuggling tea from the Dutch Seen as a play for tricking American colonists into thinking parliament taxation is okay
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