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Jour 413 Sensationalism

by: Rebel_Athlete

Jour 413 Sensationalism 413

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This was during a time where a different style of writing was starting to come about. This style of writing was called sensationalism. Sensationalism was our societies very first tabloids publicati...
History of Journalism
Gregory Borchard
Class Notes
history, Of, journalism, Sensationalism, Whigs
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebel_Athlete on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 413 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Gregory Borchard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see History of Journalism in JOUR at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Monday, September 26, y Jour 413 The first era of Sensationalism SUMMARY This was during a time where a different style of writing was starting to come about. This style of writing was called sensationalism. Sensationalism was our societies very first tabloids  publication. This was started by a man named George Winser when he was hired by the Sun  paper to write some stories. Other papers that came out were The New York Herald, The  Tribune, and the Times. All of these papers were called the Penny Press, papers that were sold  only for a penny in order to be afforded by everyone. Characters such as Margaret Fuller (who  was the first woman to be a part of the Tribune staff) were considered to be one of the greatest  figures of American Journalism. Another important technological revolution that would change  the world forever would be the Trans­Atlantic Cable. This was created during the 1850­60’s  period and would eventually lead to the whole world being able to communicate with one  another. Penny Press ­ Newspapers sold like “hotcakes” filled with “spicy” ingredients ­ Horatio David Sheppard figured this out that the mass volume was financed through  ads. ­ The penny press papers of the time were the Sun, Herald, Tribune and the Times.  The time scale of these penny presses were: • 1833—Sun • 1835—Herald • 1841—Tribune • 1851—Times The Sun ­ The first issue of the Sun was published on sept. 3 1833.  ­ Benjamin Day was the editor. It sold for a penny and he was the first successful New  York publisher of this new era.  1 Monday, September 26, y ­ He developed staffing patterns that included managing editors, reporters and  advertising on a larger scale.  ­ He hired George Winser who was an English Court  reporter who wrote crime  stories and legal reports.  Sensationalism ­ The Sun made a claim that there was life on the moon along with descriptions and  graphics of what these creatures looked like. Peopled believed it like no other. The  hoax was exposed and Day had to apologize for it and he said that the whole story  was made up to get the public to forget about much more serious issues. The  Journal of Science becomes ridiculed and the Sun gets more circulation. ­ The Sun breaks even in June 1838 ­ Day sells to Moses beach for $40,000 ­ he upgraded by using steamships, horses, trains and carrier pigeons to increase  the speed of getting the news. But the pigeons themselves would get ransacked by  other pigeons from other companies.  James Gordon Bennet ­ Founded The New York Herald ­ He is believed to be the genius of the newspaper press. The saying if it bleeds it  leads is famous because of him. ­ He was 40 years old when he started this. He was considered very old when starting  his business because most of these editors start when they are much younger. He  was a Scotsman who moved to New York in 1822 and his goals were to: ­ attack politicians ­ publish bankruptcies ­ In this day this was embarrassing if people knew that you bankrupt.  ­ intrude on high­roller parties ­ He would go to the aristocrat parties dressed up like they did and reported the  stories that he heard from these people.  ­ This ended up catching up to him when the Upper class New Yorkers declared  moral war and organized a boycott of his paper. 2 Monday, September 26, y ­ At the end of the day all he wanted to do was to make money. Anything that anyone  can buy he wanted to produce it. ­ He published stories that no other paper would every dream of doing. In 1836 right  after the Herald launched there was a sensational murder trial, the “crime of the  century” and it had to do with a prostitute named Helen Jewett who was murdered in  the Brothel. Horace Greeley ­ Known as one of the great figures of American Journalism and of our history.  Margaret Fuller 1810­1850 ­ Was hired by Horace Greeley. She was hired as the first Tribune female staff; and her  working title was ‘literary critic’. He was eager to compete with Bennett on all levels.  ­ In 1845 Greeley helps her publish Fuller’s “Women of the 19th century” that established  language for women’s rights.  ­ She was very influential in helping draft the language for the 1848 Seneca Falls convention  advocating for women’s rights. The Declaration of Sentiments was literally a word for word of  the Declaration of Independence EXCEPT two words. “And Women” was added to the part  where it says “all men are created equal”.  ­ She ended up writing about transcendentalism through having close relationship with Ralph  Waldo Emerson. In 1840 she was the co­editor of The Dial while the managing editor was  George Ripley and wrote in the quarterly literary journal of the Transcendentalist. Seneca Falls Convention July 28, 1848 ­ Frederick Douglas published the North Star in 1847 covering the first women’s rights  convention at Seneca Falls. He emphasizes that Right is of no sex. It is clear that  Douglas and the Feminists are on the same side until the Reconstruction period  when slaves were given the ability to vote. At this point the Feminists were mad that  they still had to wait to get a vote.  Where is Margaret Fuller? ­ She is in Europe. This is during 1848, “The Year of Hope”. This was a time where revolutions  were popping up everywhere around Europe. She was a foreign correspondent reporting on  what was happening.  ­ Her trip to Europe coincides with the technological and social revolutions. There was an  increase in speed and coverage from overseas. ­ In 1850 both her and her Italian husband along with their child died when their boat going  back to America caught on fire. 3 Monday, September 26, y 1840’s Technological Revolution ­ The Telegraph was created and then Frederick Koenig from England created the  Steam press. It was also known as Cylindrical Stereotyping. This was a huge  improvement because it replaced horse­powered press. It also produced quick prints  twice as much as before. The Circulation War ­ Herald created 51,000 daily and weekly editions and the Tribune created 35,000­40,000  editions daily and 100,000 weekly. Samuel F.B. Morse ­ May 25th, 1844 Samuel F.B. Morse created the Morse Code. It was a very expensive  invention and individual companies would all compete for contracts. These were tied to the  development of the Associated Press. When the gold rush in California happened in this time  period, all 6 top presses came together to pool all of their resources to save on costs to send  correspondents out to California.  ­ Associated Press 1. Courier and Enquirer 2. Express 3. Herald 4. Journal of Commerce 5. Sun 6. Tribune Henry J. Raymond ­ Was Greeley’s Former assistant and ended up one upping his mentor. ­ “there are very few things in this world which it is worth while to get angry about, and they are just the things that anger will not improve.” 1851-1860’s, AP and the Trans-Atlantic Cable ­ At first there were correspondents in Liverpool and Employees were responsible for  retrieving news from Halifax. The News would travel from Halifax to Boston and then  finally to New York. ­ The Trans­Atlantic Cable was the first invention that allowed people from all over the  world to finally communicate and escape the bounds of time. 4


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