Jour 413 Sensationalism
Jour 413 Sensationalism 413
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebel_Athlete on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 413 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Gregory Borchard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see History of Journalism in JOUR at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Monday, September 26, y Jour 413 The first era of Sensationalism SUMMARY This was during a time where a different style of writing was starting to come about. This style of writing was called sensationalism. Sensationalism was our societies very first tabloids publication. This was started by a man named George Winser when he was hired by the Sun paper to write some stories. Other papers that came out were The New York Herald, The Tribune, and the Times. All of these papers were called the Penny Press, papers that were sold only for a penny in order to be afforded by everyone. Characters such as Margaret Fuller (who was the first woman to be a part of the Tribune staff) were considered to be one of the greatest figures of American Journalism. Another important technological revolution that would change the world forever would be the TransAtlantic Cable. This was created during the 185060’s period and would eventually lead to the whole world being able to communicate with one another. Penny Press Newspapers sold like “hotcakes” filled with “spicy” ingredients Horatio David Sheppard figured this out that the mass volume was financed through ads. The penny press papers of the time were the Sun, Herald, Tribune and the Times. The time scale of these penny presses were: • 1833—Sun • 1835—Herald • 1841—Tribune • 1851—Times The Sun The first issue of the Sun was published on sept. 3 1833. Benjamin Day was the editor. It sold for a penny and he was the first successful New York publisher of this new era. 1 Monday, September 26, y He developed staffing patterns that included managing editors, reporters and advertising on a larger scale. He hired George Winser who was an English Court reporter who wrote crime stories and legal reports. Sensationalism The Sun made a claim that there was life on the moon along with descriptions and graphics of what these creatures looked like. Peopled believed it like no other. The hoax was exposed and Day had to apologize for it and he said that the whole story was made up to get the public to forget about much more serious issues. The Journal of Science becomes ridiculed and the Sun gets more circulation. The Sun breaks even in June 1838 Day sells to Moses beach for $40,000 he upgraded by using steamships, horses, trains and carrier pigeons to increase the speed of getting the news. But the pigeons themselves would get ransacked by other pigeons from other companies. James Gordon Bennet Founded The New York Herald He is believed to be the genius of the newspaper press. The saying if it bleeds it leads is famous because of him. He was 40 years old when he started this. He was considered very old when starting his business because most of these editors start when they are much younger. He was a Scotsman who moved to New York in 1822 and his goals were to: attack politicians publish bankruptcies In this day this was embarrassing if people knew that you bankrupt. intrude on highroller parties He would go to the aristocrat parties dressed up like they did and reported the stories that he heard from these people. This ended up catching up to him when the Upper class New Yorkers declared moral war and organized a boycott of his paper. 2 Monday, September 26, y At the end of the day all he wanted to do was to make money. Anything that anyone can buy he wanted to produce it. He published stories that no other paper would every dream of doing. In 1836 right after the Herald launched there was a sensational murder trial, the “crime of the century” and it had to do with a prostitute named Helen Jewett who was murdered in the Brothel. Horace Greeley Known as one of the great figures of American Journalism and of our history. Margaret Fuller 18101850 Was hired by Horace Greeley. She was hired as the first Tribune female staff; and her working title was ‘literary critic’. He was eager to compete with Bennett on all levels. In 1845 Greeley helps her publish Fuller’s “Women of the 19th century” that established language for women’s rights. She was very influential in helping draft the language for the 1848 Seneca Falls convention advocating for women’s rights. The Declaration of Sentiments was literally a word for word of the Declaration of Independence EXCEPT two words. “And Women” was added to the part where it says “all men are created equal”. She ended up writing about transcendentalism through having close relationship with Ralph Waldo Emerson. In 1840 she was the coeditor of The Dial while the managing editor was George Ripley and wrote in the quarterly literary journal of the Transcendentalist. Seneca Falls Convention July 28, 1848 Frederick Douglas published the North Star in 1847 covering the first women’s rights convention at Seneca Falls. He emphasizes that Right is of no sex. It is clear that Douglas and the Feminists are on the same side until the Reconstruction period when slaves were given the ability to vote. At this point the Feminists were mad that they still had to wait to get a vote. Where is Margaret Fuller? She is in Europe. This is during 1848, “The Year of Hope”. This was a time where revolutions were popping up everywhere around Europe. She was a foreign correspondent reporting on what was happening. Her trip to Europe coincides with the technological and social revolutions. There was an increase in speed and coverage from overseas. In 1850 both her and her Italian husband along with their child died when their boat going back to America caught on fire. 3 Monday, September 26, y 1840’s Technological Revolution The Telegraph was created and then Frederick Koenig from England created the Steam press. It was also known as Cylindrical Stereotyping. This was a huge improvement because it replaced horsepowered press. It also produced quick prints twice as much as before. The Circulation War Herald created 51,000 daily and weekly editions and the Tribune created 35,00040,000 editions daily and 100,000 weekly. Samuel F.B. Morse May 25th, 1844 Samuel F.B. Morse created the Morse Code. It was a very expensive invention and individual companies would all compete for contracts. These were tied to the development of the Associated Press. When the gold rush in California happened in this time period, all 6 top presses came together to pool all of their resources to save on costs to send correspondents out to California. Associated Press 1. Courier and Enquirer 2. Express 3. Herald 4. Journal of Commerce 5. Sun 6. Tribune Henry J. Raymond Was Greeley’s Former assistant and ended up one upping his mentor. “there are very few things in this world which it is worth while to get angry about, and they are just the things that anger will not improve.” 1851-1860’s, AP and the Trans-Atlantic Cable At first there were correspondents in Liverpool and Employees were responsible for retrieving news from Halifax. The News would travel from Halifax to Boston and then finally to New York. The TransAtlantic Cable was the first invention that allowed people from all over the world to finally communicate and escape the bounds of time. 4
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