Jour 413 History of Journalism The Beginning of Modern Journalism
Jour 413 History of Journalism The Beginning of Modern Journalism 413
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebel_Athlete on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 413 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Gregory Borchard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see History of Journalism in JOUR at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Monday, September 26, y Jour 413 History of Journalism The Beginning of Modern Journalism SUMMARY This was the time where newspapers were starting to write stories that got more to the point instead of writing stories that would sell. Even though we see that today as a form of journalism it is definitely not the newspaper style. Horace Greeley started The New Yorker and this was his first successful print endeavor. He also was the first person to suggest posting actual content instead of stories that did not matter. Entries such as economic theory and policy was written by the likes of Horace Greeley and Henry J. Raymond. The papers that we talked about on the other notes are still existent and they are still considered a penny press. It seems that after all of the political turmoil newspapers have decided to become more trustworthy sources. Horace Greeley Family went through economic hardship when he was only 15 years old and had to make a living for himself. With only 10 bucks in his pocket he went to New York City when he was 20 years old and went to labor unions. 2 years later he started a printing press. He was against slavery, believed in free soil and was a liberal Republican as well as Whig. Later he started The New Yorker which was his first successful print endeavor from 18341841 • A literary journal that is a distant relative to another. • Greeley’s take on it was by incorporating literary figures and posting actual content that could be respected. From 18381839 He worked for The Firm. This was called the Firm of Seward, Weed and Greeley. The belief was that if you were to become the leader of New York, you would own the world. • Whigs 1840—Harrison (W) (The highest voter turnout in American History, 80% of electorate) 1 Monday, September 26, y 1844—Clay (L) 1848—Taylor (W) 1854—Scott (L) “Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too” This is the most famous campaign slogan in American History. This really helped this unknown candidate get voted into the presidency. The Log Cabin Newspaper The highest circulation that they ever got was more than 80,000 weekly. The New York Tribune started by Horace Greeley The Tribune is recognized as the ultimate collection of literary content in the entire country. In 1842 The Tribune column by Albert Brisbane advocated Fourierism. All this was about being able to transform daily life and had this vision of the world that was too beautiful to believe. He started the concept “Manifest Destiny” 1850 Greeley decided to link fourierism to antislavery and slaves in the south were considered workers in the North. According to Greeley he believed that slavery existed wherever humans were working with one another. This idea is closer to Marxism in the 1850’s and 1860’s. 2 Monday, September 26, y Henry J. Raymond He graduated from college at 18 and was already recognized as one of the best editors reporters and editors of their time. He went straight away to work for Horace Greeley. They are both Whigs but they have different philosophies. He worked in 1841 for Greeley and left shortly after. In 1843 he worked for Colonel James Watson Webb at the Courier Inquirer. Both Greeley and Raymond were able to collaborate on a project even though they are still disagreeable with each other. Over a span of 8 months there were 32 different entries in economic theory and policy between The New York Tribune and Courier Inquirer. He died on June 18 1869 because of a stroke after having a fantastic night with a young lady. 1848: The Year of Hope? The second Whig Zachary Taylor died because he ate bad food. The Whigs couldn't keep it together. 1851, The New York Times The paper finally decided that they wanted to stop covering a bunch of nonsense and instead get to the point of the story. This wasn’t the end of sensationalism, rather it was a new kind of newspaper. It is also still a penny press. The Fight Against Boss Tweed Late 1860’s - early 1870’s The New York Times is still a family owned business. it is still one of the media giants that is owned by only one family. During this time period people would only buy the newspaper because of the cartoons in them. The New York Times was also known as “newspaper of record” 3 Monday, September 26, y The Modern New York Times In 2001 they won 7 Pulitzer Prizes but lost a bunch of great writers and editors. They have been in a weird downward spiral since 9/11 4
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