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Week 4 Part Two

by: Consuela Horton

Week 4 Part Two Pers 2001

Consuela Horton
GPA 3.65

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About this Document

Notes on The Island and Athol Fugard
Perspectives in International Drama: Theatre of the Oppressed
Dr. Frank Miller
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Consuela Horton on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pers 2001 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Frank Miller in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Perspectives in International Drama: Theatre of the Oppressed in Perspectives in the Creative Arts at Georgia State University.

Popular in Perspectives in the Creative Arts


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Wednesday, September 14, 2016 The Island South Africa • Oppresses black people • Colonized by the Dutch and English - Their descendants are called Afrikaners. • Boer War - Fought over the independence of the Boer Republics - The English won • In 1948 political control goes to Afrikaners national party - They put Apartheid into law - It continued until 1994 when there was an international boycott on South Africa • Nelson Mandela became president - African national congress - He left presidency in 1999 - Passed away in 2013 - Since he left, his party has been caught in multiple scandals Apartheid • Strict racial segration • If you were black, you could only live in certain areas. - They would be moved if the space was needed Blacks had to get permission to go to college, could not go to white facilities • • Blacks had to carry passbooks • Robben Island is the political prison. 1 Wednesday, September 14, 2016 - Prisoners could not escape. There was nowhere to hide a boat needed to get across the waters which were rough and full of sharks Athol Fugard • Born to a white middle class family - Father was an alcoholic, mother ran a tea room - A black man who worked in the tea room raised him In the 50’s he worked in theatre • - He worked in racially mixed theaters • In 1961 he wrote The Blood Knot - A two-man play originally portrayed by himself and a black actor, Zakes Mokae It went to broadway and went to South Africa where it made the government nervous. - Made more was even stricter He was directing Antigone and was made to stop because of the apartheid laws • • He dealt with two levels of influences - Western A lot of theatre seen was from the US and England He liked the realistic ones As actors they studied and American acting technique called the method Run by Lee Strasberg at Actor’s Studio. It was his version of Kdiystantin Stanislavsky’s work Strasberg did emotion memory Brecht—>Theatre about politics - African Improve is used a lot in African theater. Scripts were often adapted based on audience response 2 Wednesday, September 14, 2016 Resistance Theatre South African theatre that criticizes apartheid • - Fugard’s plays always dealt with it. • After 1994 what happened to the theatre? - Fugard wrote about psychology and racism. The Island • One of two plays Fugrad wrote with two actors from his company - John Kani and Winston Ntshona In 1972 they wrote a play about passbooks called Sizwe Banzi Is Dead They were afraid to write it down. • Started with two prisoners then one get a pardon • Two things inspired the play - Nelson Mandela said he played Creon while in prison - An actor who they hadn’t seen in a while ran into them. He told them he was in prison and did a one man Antigone show. • The play was not written down - Fugard, Kani and Ntshona went to jail after one performance and were saved because it wasn’t written down. • Agency is having control of your own life. 3


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