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Hst 341 Week 1 Class Notes

by: Mia Notetaker

Hst 341 Week 1 Class Notes HST 341

Marketplace > Syracuse University > History > HST 341 > Hst 341 Week 1 Class Notes
Mia Notetaker
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About this Document

Every things spoken about in class on week 1
The Modern American Presidency
Margaret Thompson
Class Notes
political science, american, history




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mia Notetaker on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 341 at Syracuse University taught by Margaret Thompson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see The Modern American Presidency in History at Syracuse University.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
The Modern American Presidency  Week 1 Notes    What Makes a Strong American President?:  ● Strength?  ● Power?  ● Forceful?    Should a President be:  ● Strong vs. Weak?  ● Idealistic vs. Practical?  ● Active vs. Passive?  ● Flexible vs. Inflexible?    The President is the Head of State & Head of Policy  Ideally, policy starts with Congress    Everyone (generations) wants reform and change, but the type of reform and change differs as  time moves on.    1870­1880’s: Presidency is seen as unimportant (Presidents from this era are easily forgotten)    3 Theories of the Presidency (Pre­Modern):  ● Prerogative:  ○ When nation/Constitution is under attack/in danger, president may act as he sees  fit, even if actions are unconstitutional  ○ Abraham Lincoln  ● Stewardship:  ○ Unless restricted by the Constitution, President may act however he sees fit, as  long as his actions benefit the people  ○ Theodore Roosevelt  ● Literalist:  ○ President can only use the powers specifically mentioned by the Constitution (no  reading between the lines)  ○ William Howard Taft  ○ Keep in mind Taft’s relation to the Supreme Court and his ideas there in  comparison to his opinions here.    Presidential Powers Prior to FDR:    ● High Uses of Power:  ○ Washington, Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln, Roosevelt, Wilson.  ● Low Uses of Power:  ○ Adams, Van Buren, Fillmore, Grant, Cleveland, Coolidge    Franklin Delano Roosevelt brought upon a modern era of the presidency. Amount of power he  raised for the presidency did not go down for any president after him.    ​ Vested Clause­ Executive branch represented by a president   


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