Hst 341 Week 1 Class Notes
Hst 341 Week 1 Class Notes HST 341
Popular in The Modern American Presidency
Popular in History
HST 111 - M001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mia Notetaker on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 341 at Syracuse University taught by Margaret Thompson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see The Modern American Presidency in History at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
The Modern American Presidency Week 1 Notes What Makes a Strong American President?: ● Strength? ● Power? ● Forceful? Should a President be: ● Strong vs. Weak? ● Idealistic vs. Practical? ● Active vs. Passive? ● Flexible vs. Inflexible? The President is the Head of State & Head of Policy Ideally, policy starts with Congress Everyone (generations) wants reform and change, but the type of reform and change differs as time moves on. 18701880’s: Presidency is seen as unimportant (Presidents from this era are easily forgotten) 3 Theories of the Presidency (PreModern): ● Prerogative: ○ When nation/Constitution is under attack/in danger, president may act as he sees fit, even if actions are unconstitutional ○ Abraham Lincoln ● Stewardship: ○ Unless restricted by the Constitution, President may act however he sees fit, as long as his actions benefit the people ○ Theodore Roosevelt ● Literalist: ○ President can only use the powers specifically mentioned by the Constitution (no reading between the lines) ○ William Howard Taft ○ Keep in mind Taft’s relation to the Supreme Court and his ideas there in comparison to his opinions here. Presidential Powers Prior to FDR: ● High Uses of Power: ○ Washington, Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln, Roosevelt, Wilson. ● Low Uses of Power: ○ Adams, Van Buren, Fillmore, Grant, Cleveland, Coolidge Franklin Delano Roosevelt brought upon a modern era of the presidency. Amount of power he raised for the presidency did not go down for any president after him. Vested Clause Executive branch represented by a president
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