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Chapter 4 week 4

by: Shelby

Chapter 4 week 4 History 1302



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Global Competition and the Origins of English America
History 1301
J. Overfelt
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1302 at Southwest Texas Junior College taught by J. Overfelt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see History 1301 in United states history at Southwest Texas Junior College.

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Date Created: 09/25/16
Chapter 4 Slavery, Freedom, & the Struggle for Empire 1763. Slavery & Empire A. Atlantic Trade a) Triangular trade North/South America sent Raw Materials to Europe. Europe sent manufactured goods to N/S America & Africa. Africa sent slaves to N/S America. b) Slavery becomes connected with the color black, & liberty with the color white. B. Africa & the Slave Trade a) Most African rulers took part in the slave trade, gaining guns & textiles in exchange for their slaves. b) Slave trade was concentrated in West Africa. C. The Middle Passage a) The name for the voyage across the Atlantic. 1/5 slaves would not make the voyage. They would throw the sick/dying slaves overboard to try and prevent disease form spreading. b) Slaves were crammed into ships for maximum profit. c) Majority of slaves went to Brazil and West Indies due to high death rates. d) Less than 5% of African slaves went to what would become the U.S. (Slaves make up 1/5 of the colonies population) tobacco/rice plantations and northern colonies. D. Slavery in the South A. In the Chesapeake area (Virginia/Maryland) Slavery was based on Tobacco. B. South Carolina was based on rice and indigo. a. Rice and indigo required large scale cultivation b. By 1770, the number of South /Carolina slaves reached 100,000- well over half of the colonies population. Slave Culture & Slave Resistance A. Becoming African American a. The common link among Africans in America was not kinship, language or even race, but slavery itself. b. For most of the 1700’s most American slaves were African by birth. B. African American Culture a. In upper South most learned English, while those in the lower South retained many African customs. C. Resistance to Slavery a. Faking sickness, breaking tools, harming farm animals, running away, and rebellion. Imperial Rivalries France & Spain are big powers of the New World. A. Spain in North America They have a hundred years over anyone else. a. Vast empires on paper, actually consisted of a few small & isolated clusters. (San Antonio, El Paso, Albuquerque (1598), Santa Fe (1609/10; oldest state capital 400+ years), San Francisco) B. Spanish System of Settlement God Glory and Gold 1. Mission: establish a church as an epicenter to “mine souls”. 2. Presidio: military fort with soldiers to patrol area. 3. Village: established around the missions/presidios; bring commerce. 4. Ranch: cattle ranches. C. The French Empire To establish trading routes not convert/conquer. a. French empire expands in early 1700’s b. By claiming a large area of territory, the French Empire posed a real challenge to the British. (Triggered French/Indian War) Battle for the Continent A. Middle Ground a. Indians were being pushed into disputed territory. B. The French & Indian War- “The 7 Years War” a. Begins in 1754 in Pennsylvania when British try to remove the French. b. Britain was losing until 1757 when William Pitt changed the tide of the water. c. The fall of Montreal & Quebec signified the end of the French in North America. C. A World Transformed a. Treaty of Paris in 1763 changed the map of North America b. Britain was now broke. D. Proclamation of 1763 (King George III) a. Enrages colonists b. East of the Appalachian Mountains belonged to the colonists. West of the Appalachian Mountains belong to the Indians.


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