Chapter 5 week 5
Chapter 5 week 5 History 1302
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1302 at Southwest Texas Junior College taught by J. Overfelt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see History 1301 in United states history at Southwest Texas Junior College.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Chapter 5 The American Revolution 1763-1783 The Crisis Begins A. Consolidating the Empire England is broke from fighting 2 wars 1. After the French & Indian war, London insists the colonists begin to help pay for the protection the British provided 2. Issue of representation beins to pop up; “Americans” B. Taxing the Colonies 1. Sugar Act of 1764- Tax on sugar, molasses, wine, and rum. (Onl affected people on the ports) 2. Stamp Act of 1765- Tax on printed materials; legal documents, dice, newspapers. 3. “No Taxation without Representation”-Samuel Adams. (No representatives elected by the colonists.) C. Resistance 1. Sons of Liberty: make tax collectors lives miserable. The Road to the Revolution 1. Townshend Act of 1767- taxes on imported goods; paint, glass, lead, paper. 2. Boycotting becomes a standard practice. A. Boston Massacre 1. March 5, 1770 2. 5 Bostonians left dead after throwing snow balls at soldiers who then fire into the unarmed crowd. B. Boston Tea Party Taxing import of tea, but receiving secondhand tea leaves. 1. December 16,1773- colonists throw more than 300 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor (10million$ of product) 2. Results in the Intolerable Acts. (Shuts Boston down until they pay for the tea) The Coming of Independence A. First Continental Congress- 1774 B. Shot heard ‘round the world- April 18,1775 (Paul Revere) a) April 19, 1775- Lexington and Concord C. Second Continental Congress- May 1775 Brits set Concord on fire because the weapons were gone. a) Appoints George Washington as commander of newly created Continental Army b) Olive Branch Petition c) Not yet thinking independence, just representation. D. The Declaration of Independence a) First voted on July 2, 1776. b) Jefferson tapped to write the document. c) Formally adopted July 4, 1776. The Revolution April 19, 1775 A. Balance of Power a) Britain had a large professional army & navy b) Patriots had advantage of fighting on their own soil & desire for independence. B. First Part of War a) Initially goes bad for Washington; major dissertation, attack & retreat, many soldiers left in the middle of the night; 28,000 soldiers went down to 3,000 soldiers. b) Manages a surprise attack at Trenton & Princeton; captured a militia & British soldiers. C. Battle of Saratoga a) Turning point in war Led to foreign nation assistance a. Convinces the French to come to America’s aid D. Victory at Last a) Yorktown 1781 French Navy helps America against the British Navy b) Treaty of Paris 1783 Officially Independent
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