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Biology 1110 week Chapter 10 notes

by: Chad Solomon

Biology 1110 week Chapter 10 notes BIOL 1110 04

Chad Solomon

GPA 3.3

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About this Document

These are the notes we covered the first day of going through chapter 10.
Principles of Biology I
Class Notes
Mitosis, Cell, division
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chad Solomon on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 1110 04 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Adams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Principles of Biology I in Biology at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
● DNA Packaging ○ Genome­ All of DNA in an organism  ■ Humans have 46 chromosomes or 23 pairs ■ Chromosomes found in nuclei of cells ○ Gene­ Segment of DNA that codes for a protein ○ DNA broken down: ■ Histones ■ Nucleosomes ■ Chromatin ■ Chromosome ● How Cells Reproduce ○ Prokaryotic ■ Binary fission­ The asexual reproduction a  prokaryotic cell that results in two nearly identical daughter cells. ○ Eukaryotic cell cycle ■ Mitosis and cytokinesis ● Results in two new identical cells ■ Number of chromosomes vary from each species ● Does not affect complexity ● It’s all about the genes ● Chromosomes are always paired ● Paired chromosomes are called  homologous  ● One chromosome is from father  (paternal) ● One chromosome is from mother  (maternal) ● Location of a gene on a  chromosome is a locus ■ Cell division (know what each stage looks like) ● Cell cycle: ○ M phase­ mitosis and  cytokinesis ○ Mitosis­ division of  cell nucleus to produce 2 new daughter cells each with the  same number of chromosomes as original cell. ● Interphase consist of :      (G, S,2G ) ○ Normal cells stuff  ○ Preparation for cell  division ○ Cell makes extra  everything ● G­ most variable stage ○ Last days before  division ○ Cell grows ○ Makes extra  organelles, proteins, chromosomes ○ Normals functions ● S­ DNA replication (synthesis) ○ Each chromosome is  duplicated ○ DNA still in form of  Chromatin ● G2­ Final preparation for M phase ○ Assembles  microtubules for new cells ○ Nuclear membrane  begins to disappear ○ Chromatin begins to  condense into chromosomes ■


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