PSY 401 Week 4 Notes
PSY 401 Week 4 Notes PSY 401
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Toomey on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 401 at Colorado State University taught by Sara Ann Tompkins in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
PSY 401 Lecture 7 Ch. 5--The Renaissance Tuesday, September 13, 2016 12:34 PM • Psychology in the Renaissance o Jean Luis Vives (1492-1530) • "Father of modern psychology" • "What the soul is, is of no concern for us to know; what it is like, what its manifestations are, is of very great importance" § Instead of focusing on the miniscule things, or the physical appearance of the soul, let's focus on what it means § Focusing on the functions of it, that's what matters • Emotions-- § Nature and Nurture • "sadness causes black bile, black bile causes sadness" • Similar to what Hippocrates laid out • Learning-- § Pedagogy § Education for poor and women Education and knowledge essential for social reform (School psychology) • Education is essential for us to have access to rationality (he was a rationalist) • Memory-- § Association § "Memory is sustained by an entire regi men of nourishment, food, drink, exercise, relaxation, sleep, moderation, and things suitable for the improvement of this faculty" • The father of modern psychology -- what characteristics should the "father" have? o Someone who encourages followers o Someone who is curious and passionate o Interested in multiple disciplines of psychology o Going against the grain of current thinking, challenging theories • Curiosity and humility • We follow the history of science o Creative • Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) o "First consult experience, THEN reason" • He's an empiricist o Big on the senses-- most primarily sight • Gave us extensive info on vision o Anatomy o Engineering o Art o Psychology • Vision= "the sovereign sense" • Eye is the root of human knowledge • Eye= responds to light, does not emit light § Images are inverted § Distance § Retinal disparity • Michael de Montaigne (1533 -1592) o Catholic with strong protestant tendencies o Resurrected the idea of skepticism (a cornerstone of science) • We follow faith too blindly • Humans arrogant and vain • We are not superior to animals • Motivation and emotion on belief • We should not believe the accuracy of our senses o Apology for Raymond Sebond -- not a genuine apology; an attack on human arrogance o Montaigne & Psychology • Introspection • Child rearing § Brutal punishment is for revenge not effect § Corporal punishment; public beatings of children were normal • Every child was beaten, except for his daughter § Stepping outside of the box for child development • Experience is never pure § Is joy a pure experience or is it a combination of lots of things? • Inconsistencies of human action § We follow our "appetites" but they constantly change § We have many roles and this causes inconsistencies • Naturalistic study of human behavior § Methods are important § As opposed to supernatural causes o Question: why was Montaigne's skepticism important to the development of modern science? • He's pushing us to keep questioning, not just sit with answers § Keep asking quesitons, this is how science works today § The null hypothesis-- always trying to prove ourselves wrong • Olivia Sabuco (1562 -1590) o Psychology and physiology o "Pew philosophy of the Nature of Man" book she wrote • Her father claimed to have wrote it when he realized people liked it • She came back and claimed credit for her bo ok § Big deal; this was before women's education o Authority & Science • Study: Why Journalists Scam the Media into Spreading Bad Chocolate Science • "for in the sciences the authority of thousands of opinions is not worth as much as one tiny spark of reason in an individual man" (Galileo) • Reason was not just a matter of understanding or observation; it referenced scientific inferences based on measurement, quantification and demonstration-- all things religion could not provide. • If religion was seen as the authority of the time… has reason or science replaced it as the new authority? PSY 401 Editorial Assignment Discussion Thursday, September 15, 2016 12:31 PM Popular Press/Editorial Writing Assignment Discussion Day (due 9/27) • Logistics o Worth 50 pts • Expectations o Goal: effectively communicate your ideas related to our field to the public o In this assignment, write a 1 page editorial (or opinion piece) where you apply, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate ideas from a range of available topics o The goal is to write concisely and succinctly to the general public, but still speaking as a psychologist o The point is to help the public understand our field outside of publishing and research papers • Influence society at large • Writing Topics o Make sure that you choose a topic that is intrinsically motivating to you and one that you feel you can convey your well founded opinion in a clear and professional manner o Choices for topics placed on Canvas (label paper based on the topic) • Grading o Your prepare will be graded based on if y ou were able to effectively apply, analyze, synthesize and evaluate the topic you chose to discuss o Specifically: • A clear intro to your topic (why it matters to you, why public needs to know about it) • Why is this topic relevant to our field today • What is your clear stance or opinion on this issue • Make sure you can create a concise and clear rationale for why you have this opinion • A clear conclusion on this topic § One sentence "in summary…" or "based on the findings…" o Base your opinion piece on facts • Act as the face of our field of psychology, representing psych to the public • Format o 1 page (Do NOT go over or you lose 10%) • More than 3 sentences over is when docked on grade o Double spaced o 12 point font, 1 inch margins, double spaced; paragraph format o No references (but use references while writing) o On canvas is example of an A paper • Tips from TA's o Make sure to have clear intro and conclusion o Have a non-psych major read it to give feedback o Be concise-- not circular o Relate it to your final paper if you ca n
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