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Psychology of Personality, Week 2 Notes

by: Notetaker Magazzu

Psychology of Personality, Week 2 Notes PSY 01230 1

Marketplace > Rowan University > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 01230 1 > Psychology of Personality Week 2 Notes
Notetaker Magazzu

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About this Document

The following notes include material from Professor Tom Dinzeo’s first PowerPoint lecture, as well as my in-class notes following each slide.
Psychology of Personality
Class Notes
Psychology of Personality, Psychology, personality
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker Magazzu on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 01230 1 at Rowan University taught by Dinzeo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology (PSYC) at Rowan University.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Psychology of Personality The following notes include material from Professor Tom Dinzeo’s first PowerPoint lecture, as  well as my in­class notes following each slide. Psychoanalytic Perspective Psychoanalytic Approach Sigmund Freud 1856­1939 •Born in Austria during Victorian era      ­Male dominated society      ­Puritan/restrictive views on sexuality      ­Freud had the idea to talk, "talking treatment" is the idea that people could reach memories  and solve issues by freely and simply talking (free association)      ­hysteria deals with symptoms that people have that have no association with medical issues Joseph Breuer •treated "Anna O" (1880­2) •Freud was Breuer's assistant       ­studied people like Anna O… The smell of pudding caused her to have "symptoms of  hysteria" because she smelled burnt pudding at the time in her childhood when her father beat  her 1895 •Breuer and Freud published "Studies on Hysteria"      ­"hysterical blindness" (conversion disorder)      ­ realized people's symptoms and stress started to decrease when they were able to talk and  exercise free association      ­help people through psychological means           • people avoid certain feelings/memories           •if you make people talk about/revisit something, they may begin to heal      ­The impulse to avoid uncomfortable/negative thoughts and feelings makes one's conditions  and symptoms worse      ­hysterical blindness­­>more of a psychological issue­­> no medical grounds "Dynamic" internal (unconscious) struggles between components of our personality •"Psychodynamic" ­psychological abnormality were symptoms of this struggle ­Freud believed anyone who had these feelings experienced these feelings due to this "internal"  conflict within themselves Freud's view people and society • people are born savages      ­controlled by primitive instincts •"Man is wolf to man"      ­aggression will destroy civilization if unchecked      ­at the core of us, there's an evil, destructive being • lived through World War I; was forced to flee Austria in 1938 (Nazi uprising)      ­which can explain some of his thoughts opinions and theories • very pessimistic view of mankind The Structure of Personality •Ed, Ego and Superego      ­Id: The biological and primitive portion of personality      ­unconscious, primitive      ­always with us, since birth      ­ wants to be expressed      ­"The id is the dark, inaccessible part of our personality" • The Id is ruled by the pleasure principle      ­need for instant gratification      ­pushes us to do things (these needs effect our behavior) •Needs of the id are translated into drives      ­drives are motivational •"primary process"      ­translates a need into a wish      ­development of mental images      ­diffuses tension/anxiety created by pleasure principle    Ex:) A baby forming the mental image of a bottle when he's hungry Ego­attempts to satisfy the id's needs through socially acceptable behavior      ­largely conscious      ­cognitive/intellectual components of self           • planning and judgment                 ­helps us plan/make judgments/mediator           • View of self                 ­what is acceptable within society Ego is ruled by the reality principle •It seeks the optimal compromises between the demands of the id and those of society •"secondary process"      ­develop strategies to delay gratification      ­reality testing • ego strength = ability to manage demands from other structures Superego = internalization (introjection) of parents' and societies moral values • our "ideals" • what emotion comes from not achieving these ideals?      ­guilt and shame •"Conscience"      ­largely unconscious, but some awareness • morals with our family, society, etc... • what's right/wrong •"ideals"/aspirational kind of idea • may experience negative feelings like guilt or shame when you go against what the superego is  telling you is right •your "conscience" Superego puts pressure on the Ego to strive for moralistic goals rather than realistic ones •it is ruled  by the Idealistic Principle •criticizes and prohibits drives, fantasies, feelings, and actions •can be overly rigid and create suffering •ego gets pressure from the id (wild desires) and the superego (morally right) Freud believes dreams are the "royal road to the unconscious"  ­he started to believe dreams were important regarding psychodynamic conflicts  ­dreams are not direct contact with the conscious, but they're symbolic According to Freud dreams have 2 components: •Manifest Content      ­storyline of our dreams      ­may have traces of previous days' experiences and preoccupations      ­ "the actual dream" •Latent Content      ­unconscious drives and wishes that may be threatening of expressed directly       ­ what's behind the dream... Why it happened and what it means Personality structure viewed as a "closed system" •born with this system; never changes  •Freud believed people are born with this closed system... Self contained •he viewed it like a baby's teething ring­­> shifting our energies around, but the inside still says  the same  (When I baby bites on the teething ring, it's shape changes form and the water is shifted around,  but the amount of water never changes) Psychic Energy •a fixed amount of energy that provides the 'battery' to energize us      ­is never lost      ­powers all of our activities       ­psychic energy is within us when we are born and shifts over time  Instincts (drives) Libido= life instinct energy (eros) •includes hunger and survival needs •all goal directed behavior •drive for reproduction (sex) •engaging in behavior now that'll be enjoyable for you in the future     Ex:) going to college... So you'll one day graduate and begin a career ­How might libido be related to social cohesion?      We must function and work together to work towards common goals to achieve common  benefits  •Freud believed a "libidinal bond" held society together 


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