Psyc-2301 Chapter 5 Notes
Psyc-2301 Chapter 5 Notes Psyc 2301
Austin Community College
Popular in Introduction to Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ema Notetaker on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2301 at Austin Community College taught by Ziv Shafir in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Austin Community College.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Psyc-2301 9/22/16 Chapter 5: Gender and Sexuality (Birth) sex - Gender identity – refers to biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women. o Birth sex: born male o Gender identity: identifies as female Transgender - someone's who gender identity differs from their birth sex. o Ex: Bruce/Caitlin Jenner Social Learning Theory – idea that we learn social behavior by observation and imitation and through reward and punishment. o Ex: Females always cooking so male assumes females are supposed to be in kitchen. Gender Differences in leadership roles – primarily males in high positions. o Ex: male and female bosses have to make drastic cuts – rate bosses performance – favored male boss rather than female boss. Gender Differences in (physical) aggression levels – physical or verbal. Focusing on physical o Testosterone – main reason – More testosterone means more aggression. o Society – tells us that males are supposed to be the more aggressive gender. Gender roles – a set of behavior expectations (norm) for males and females. o Vary across time – used to think that females should not work o Vary across cultures – in Scandinavia men and women equal. In Middle East, men and women not equal. Evolutionary Psychology and Natural Selection o Evolutionary psychology - study of the evolution of behavior and mental processes using the principal of natural selection. Differences in mating strategies between males and females – makes sense for males to date widely and females to date wisely. Criticisms of Evolutionary Psychology – females want a man with money. Males want young Females who are fertile. Sexual Orientation - o Born vs. “Learned” o Twins studies (Identical > fraternal) 2
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