ETS 121 Week 1 Class Notes
ETS 121 Week 1 Class Notes ETS 121
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mia Notetaker on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ETS 121 at Syracuse University taught by D. Callaghan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Shakespeare in English Textual Studies at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Introduction to Shakespeare Week 1 Notes The English Renais sance: Later than rest of Europe. Focus on art, science, humanity & capitalism Influences of Shakespeare: Long Term Effects: ● 1453 Fall of Constantinople ● Printing (first books in English) Short Term Effects: ● Fall of Spanish Armada in 1588 ● The Reformation ● Renaissance Humanism Shakespeare’s Early Years: His favorite poet was Ovid ( Died 18 CE) “Write in your language & express words freely” Classical vs. Vernacular Classical Latin & Greek Vernacular The language spoken by the people Shakespeare’s Life: Lifespan: 15641616 First Folio: 1624 Acting thought of as a lowly career. Alias? ● Earl of Oxford? ● Sir Francis Bacon? Colleagues: ● Marlowe (15641593), Murdered at age 29. ○ Wrote Tamburlaine, Dr. Faustus ● Francis Beaumont (15841616) ○ Worked with Shakespeare toward end of career ● Richard Burbage (15681619) ○ Helped start Shakespeare company Patrons: ● Earl of Southampton ● Nicholas Hilliard ○ Made portraits for that period The Lost Years: The Reformation was biggest event in Shakespeare’s lifetime Corazza Free speech among equals London in the 16th century: ● No free speech ● No democracy ● No freedom of religion How is it possible that Shakespeare came to be because of these restrictions? Shakespeare disappeared from records for 10 years. Where was he? Traveler? Teacher? Military? Priest? Catholic Church believed that giving people the bible was evil and would cause destruction. The Reformation: Break off from Catholicism. England separated from the Pope under Henry 8th. Due to Pope not granting him a divorce so he could marry Anne Boleyn. Started with Martin Luther and his 95 thesis. All literature started being censored Church sessions were mandatory in England. If you did not attend, you were fined. Scripture in English: ● Book of Martyrs ● Bishop’s Bible (Later King James Bible) ● Common Prayer ● Excommunication of Queen Elizabeth 1st ● Articles of the Church of England There was no standardized alphabet, so many different spellings existed.
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