Health: The Benefits of Regular Exercise
Health: The Benefits of Regular Exercise APPH 1040 L
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sayali Punyarthi on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APPH 1040 L at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus taught by Dr. Snow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
Fitness (CHAPTER 9) Learning Objective 1: Physical Activity for Health Physical activity: any body movement that works your muscles, uses more energy than when resting, and enhances health. o Walking o Swimming o Strength training o Dancing o Yoga Can vary with intensity Three categories: Leisure time physical activity, occupational physical activity, and lifestyle physical activity Exercise: planned, repetitive, and structured bodily movement undertaken to maintain or better any number of physical components o Not all physical activity is considered exercise Adding more physical activity to your day can improve your health o Physical inactivity is responsible for 6.7% of the coronary heart disease cases, 8.3% of the type 2 diabetes cases, 12.4% of the breast cancer cases, and 12% of the colon cancer cases. o Accounts for 10.8% of deaths in the US Guidelines: o 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity physical activity for Adults, or 75 minutes per week of vigorous intensity physical activity o For children, 60 minutes or more of moderate or vigorous intensity physical activity daily Effects of Regular Exercise on Body Parts: o ON the brain: Reduces stress and betters mood Decreases depression and anxiety Improves concentration and nutrients to brain o ON the lungs: Improves lungs capacity o On the liver and pancreas: Increases metabolism Reduces risk for type 2 diabetes o On the Colon: Decreases risk for colon cancer o On the blood vessels: Increases levels of healthy cholesterol Lowers resting blood pressure o On the breasts: Decreases risk of breast cancer o On the heart: Strengthens the heart Increase blood pumped to the body o On the bones: Increase bone density o On the joints: Increases range of motion Reduces pain of arthritis o On the muscles: Increases muscle strength and muscle endurance Aerobic exercise helps reduce heart-related diseases as it strengthens the heart. o Improves blood flow o Number of capillaries (small blood vessels that allow gas exchange between blood and surrounding tissues) increase with regular exercise Regular exercise reduces the risk of : o Cardiovascular diseases o Metabolic syndrome o Type 2 Diabetes o Cancer o Osteoporosis o Weight gain Regular exercise improves: o Bone strength o Mental health o Stress Management o Immunity o Life Span