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History 105 Week #5

by: Kathleen Sparks

History 105 Week #5 HIS 10500

Marketplace > Purdue University > History > HIS 10500 > History 105 Week 5
Kathleen Sparks
GPA 3.7

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These notes cover both lectures given in week #5. This is the beginning of the unit "Cultures of Splendor and Power". This covers trade and culture and starts with covering the Enlightenment in E...
Survey of Global History
Ariel De La Fuente
Class Notes
history, Purdue, global
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathleen Sparks on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 10500 at Purdue University taught by Ariel De La Fuente in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Survey of Global History in History at Purdue University.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
Week #5 Cultures of Splendor and Power  Trade and Culture o Development o More culture and exchange of information  Culture in Islamic World o Most celebrated of the emperors was particularly open and interested into different types of religions  Different from what people think of Muslims o He thought people were ignorant of each other’s religion o One reason for tension was mutual ignorance of people who practices for different religions o Part of policies were in respect to other religions o All religions deal with how to fix the “human condition” o Mughals were important in the advancement of arts and architecture  Enlightenment in Europe o SUPER IMPORTANT o Define modernity until the 20 century o Society should be ruled based on reason and not faith  Religion is an important part of life but it should not guide the government’s way of working o Expansion of literacy and expansion of critical thinking  More ideas and creativity o Reason vs Religion  Light vs. Darkness o Enlightenment = lights = reason o Religious wars of the 1300 devastated Europe o Public life should not be guided be the views of any religious group o Reformation and counter-reformation  Literacy went up as well as circulation of ideas and knowledge o There was a decline in the amount of religious persecution o Scientific method and natural laws  A hypothesis that could be tested  Natural laws are those that have governed the universe o Thinkers did not agree with the notion that humans were born with a sinful nature  Understood the power of human reason and the ability to perfect human kind o Nature vs Nurture  Is it natural that you are what you are or is it a consequence of your nurturing and the society around you? o Idea of popular sovereignty Week #5  Kings ruled European nations because of divine right  Claimed the right to rule their nations came from god  Now: every human being was born equal  No human just has a right to rule  Each individual had a right to give a representative power in order to have a leader  People should give a representative a right to rule based on a social contract  If the people that have been given the right to rule over a certain nation, then the people had the right to overthrow the government  Fundamental shift in the history of human kind  No one had any right to rule over anyone, and people did not have to submit to be ruled over o Enlightenment did little to change the status of women, as philosophers still believed that they still could not act rational or independent of men o These thinkers trusted nature and human instinct but did not trust traditional institutions  God, absolutism of Kings, etc. o Just an idea can change the world  Philosophers of the Enlightenment


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